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Title: Family Role Definitions as Determinants of Labor Force Behavior
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Macke, Anne Statham
Family Role Definitions as Determinants of Labor Force Behavior
Ph.D. Dissertation, Indiana University, 1976
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Women
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Assets; Behavioral Differences; Family Income; Family Influences; Husbands, Influence; Sex Roles

The extent to which a shift in support responsibility causes behavioral differences for traditional and nontraditional married persons is the central consideration of the study. An expected repercussion of shifting support responsibility is that husbands and wives who are relatively free of family support responsibility (nontraditional men and traditional women) should be less constrained to stay in their present jobs by the family's financial situation (assets, number of dependents, etc. ) and more likely to leave their jobs in response to personal preferences (extrinsic and intrinsic job satisfaction) than traditional men and nontraditional women. In general, true reciprocal role modification for men and women is not apparent. While true role modification (in the form of shifting support responsibility) has apparently occurred for a certain segment of our society, the modification of role definitions (nontraditionality) is the crucial factor producing alterations in role behavior (differing reactions to constraints upon labor force behavior). The simple fact that a wife works--in and of itself--is not sufficient to produce these behavioral changes. Specific aspects of our findings substantiate two important principles of the symbolic interactionist approach: (1) the power of Thomas' subjective "definition of the situation" is seen in the important influence role definitions have in determining the role behavior of working wives and their husbands; and (2) the constraining power of one's social environment is shown by the fact that certain respondents do not adhere to their role definitions because of overpowering environmental influences.
Bibliography Citation
Macke, Anne Statham. Family Role Definitions as Determinants of Labor Force Behavior. Ph.D. Dissertation, Indiana University, 1976.