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Title: Factors Affecting Mortality in the Years Surrounding Retirement
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Mott, Frank L.
Haurin, R. Jean
Factors Affecting Mortality in the Years Surrounding Retirement
In: Retirement Among American Men. H.S. Parnes, ed. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1985
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Jossey-Bass
Keyword(s): Age and Ageing; Educational Attainment; Employment; Health Care; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Marital Status; Mortality; Occupational Status; Racial Differences; Retirement

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This article presents an analysis of the mortality rates of older men and shows to what extent factors such as race, education and marital status are independent predictors of mortality. Black men have systematically higher mortality than whites, but almost all of this difference reflects differences in socioeconomic background. In contrast, the effect of marital status appears more deeply embedded. After controlling for background factors as well as for differences between the married and non-married in employment and health status, married men still face more favorable survival prospects. Detailed employment measures as well as self-report health measures permit (1) documentation of the health-mortality association and (2) more effective measurement of other mortality differentials. The generally acknowledged overall declines in mortality over the past fifteen years have affected all segments of the society; blacks and whites, the well- and the poorly educated, and the healthy and unhealthy, have all apparently benefited from the general improvements in health and medical care services available in our society. One population subgroup, however, has benefited to a substantially greater extent than others-- individuals not at work who frequently have reported illnesses of long duration. In this regard, it may be fair to conclude that those most in need have indeed benefited the most from the secular improvements in health care.
Bibliography Citation
Mott, Frank L. and R. Jean Haurin. "Factors Affecting Mortality in the Years Surrounding Retirement" In: Retirement Among American Men. H.S. Parnes, ed. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1985