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Title: Essays on Gender Differences in Educational and Labor Market Outcomes
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Steingrimsdottir, Herdis
Essays on Gender Differences in Educational and Labor Market Outcomes
Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University, 2012
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Discrimination; Education; Educational Attainment; Gender Differences; Labor Force Participation; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The third chapter focuses on the role of discrimination and the possibility that education as a tool to reveal ability is more important among women than men. As social networks tend to run along gender lines and managers in the labor market are predominantly male, it may be more difficult for women to signal their ability without college credentials. Moreover, women may use education to signal their labor market attachment. A game theoretical model of racial discrimination and educational sorting, introduced by Lang and Manove (2011) is applied to examine the gender gap in schooling attainment. As the gender gap differs between demography groups, being more prominent for blacks and Hispanics, the model is estimated separately for each race or ethnicity group. Using data from the NLSY79, the results in the paper are consistent with a model where education is more valuable to women, due to signaling. As predicted by the model, education as a function of ability (measured with AFQT scores) is more concave for women than for men. For over 88 % of the whites in the sample women choose higher level of education given their ability, than do men. On the other hand, the model fits the data better for whites than for blacks and Hispanics, and therefore fails to explain the observed differences across race and ethnicity groups.
Bibliography Citation
Steingrimsdottir, Herdis. Essays on Gender Differences in Educational and Labor Market Outcomes. Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University, 2012.