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Title: Effects of Early and Recent Maternal Employment on Children from Low-Income Families
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Vandell, Deborah Lowe
Ramanan, Janaki
Effects of Early and Recent Maternal Employment on Children from Low-Income Families
Child Development 63,4 (August 1992): 938-949.
Also: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1992.tb01673.x/abstract
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Keyword(s): Armed Forces Qualifications Test (AFQT); Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Children; Children, Academic Development; Children, School-Age; Family Background and Culture; Family Income; Home Environment; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Marital Status; Maternal Employment; Memory for Digit Span (WISC) - also see Digit Span; Mothers; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT); Poverty; Self-Esteem; Sex Roles; Welfare

The effects of early maternal employment (employment during the child's first 3 years) and recent maternal employment (employment during the previous 3 years) on 189 second-grade children from low-income families were examined. Maternal employment was related to a number of selection factors. In comparison to mothers who were not employed, employed mothers scored higher on a mental aptitude test and were more highly educated. Both early and recent maternal employment were also associated with measures of the current family functioning: there was less poverty and higher HOME environment scores when mothers were employed. Hierarchical multiple regressions showed that children's math achievement was positively predicted by early maternal employment and children's reading achievement was positively predicted by recent maternal employment. even after controlling for selection effects and current family: environment. These results are discussed in terms of possible mechanisms by which maternal employment may affect children's development.
Bibliography Citation
Vandell, Deborah Lowe and Janaki Ramanan. "Effects of Early and Recent Maternal Employment on Children from Low-Income Families." Child Development 63,4 (August 1992): 938-949.