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Title: Do as I Say, Not as I Did: A Mother's Influence on Her Daughter's Educational and Occupational Achievements
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Zwycewicz, Anne Marie B.
Do as I Say, Not as I Did: A Mother's Influence on Her Daughter's Educational and Occupational Achievements
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Maryland, 1984
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Women
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Educational Aspirations/Expectations; I.Q.; Mothers and Daughters; Mothers, Behavior; Mothers, Race; Occupational Aspirations; Pairs (also see Siblings); Socioeconomic Status (SES); Variables, Independent - Covariate

The present study investigated whether a mother's behavior and attitudes about work and school were significantly related to her daughter's educational and occupational achievements. It also explored whether the powerful influence of education on male achievement applies equally well to female achievement. Data from the NLS were used to study these questions. A subgroup of (144) NLS mother-daughter pairs selected by race served as the present subject sample. Multiple regression analyses were used to test each of five research hypotheses. Daughter's perceived encouragement from father to continue education past high school was included as a variable to clarify the role of parental encouragement on daughter's achievements. Three covariates, mother's age, daughter's age and daughter's oldest child status, were believed to influence the outcome measures, but were not of theoretical interest in the present study. Two mediating variables, daughter's IQ and SES of daughter's parental family, were chosen because of their known influence on achievement. Six maternal attitudinal factors were the main focus of the study: mother's occupation, whether mother worked for wages when daughter was a teenager, mother's educational achievement, mother's attitude toward women working, mother's prediction of daughter's educational achievement, and daughter's perceived encouragement from mother to continue education past high school. The study investigated the effect of these variables on two outcome measures, daughter's occupational achievement and daughter's educational achievement. The analysis showed that mother's attitudes and not her behaviors are related to daughter's occupational and educational achievements, and that daughter's educational attainment is correlated with daughter's occupational achievement. It was found that mother's prediction of daughter's educational achievement and daughter's perceived encouragement from mother explained an additional twenty percent of the variance in daughter's educational achievement, over and above the thirty-four percent of the variance explained by the covariates and mediators.
Bibliography Citation
Zwycewicz, Anne Marie B. Do as I Say, Not as I Did: A Mother's Influence on Her Daughter's Educational and Occupational Achievements. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Maryland, 1984.