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Title: Cities and Smoking
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Darden, Michael E.
Cities and Smoking
Journal of Urban Economics 122 (March 2021): 103319.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Geocoded Data; Rural/Urban Differences; Smoking (see Cigarette Use)

In 1956, 52% of urban men and 42% of rural men smoked cigarettes. By 2010, the disparity had flipped: 24.7% of urban men and 30.6% of rural men smoked. Smoking remains the greatest preventable cause of mortality in the United States, and understanding the underlying causes of place-specific differences in behavior is crucial for policy aimed at reducing regional inequality. Using geocoded data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 Cohort, I estimate a dynamic model that captures smoking behavior, location decisions, and education over thirty years. Simulation of the estimated model demonstrates that selection on permanent unobserved variables that are correlated with smoking cessation, both in native populations and in those who migrate between rural and urban areas, explains 70.9% of the urban/rural smoking disparity. Alternatively, differential tobacco control policies explain only 9.6% of the urban/rural smoking disparity, which suggests that equalizing cigarette taxes across regions may fail to bridge gaps in behavior and health. This paper emphasizes that rural smoking disparities are largely driven by who selects into rural communities.
Bibliography Citation
Darden, Michael E. "Cities and Smoking." Journal of Urban Economics 122 (March 2021): 103319.