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Title: Birth Weight and Mothers' Adverse Employment Change
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Dooley, David
Prause, JoAnn
Birth Weight and Mothers' Adverse Employment Change
Journal of Health and Social Behavior 46,2 (June 2005): 141-155.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Birthweight; Maternal Employment; Pre-natal Care/Exposure; Pre/post Natal Behavior; Pregnancy and Pregnancy Outcomes; Underemployment; Unemployment; Weight

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Low birth weight has been linked at the aggregate level to unemployment rates and at the individual level to subjective distress. It was hypothesized that maternal underemployment, including unemployment, involuntary part time work, and low wage work, would predict decreased birth weight. The relationship of birth weight to maternal employment changes during pregnancy was studied prospectively in 1165 singleton first births in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data set. Controlling for other significant risk factors, women who shifted from adequate employment to underemployment had significantly lighter babies. Plausible mediators of this relationship were explored including prenatal health care, gestational age, and mother weight gain with results varying by type of underemployment. Two interactions also suggested that underemployment reduced the beneficial effect of mother weight gain on birth weight. These findings were partially replicated for low birth weight (<2500 grams) indicating the medical significance of the effect.
Bibliography Citation
Dooley, David and JoAnn Prause. "Birth Weight and Mothers' Adverse Employment Change." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 46,2 (June 2005): 141-155.