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Title: Age Trajectories of Poverty During Childhood and High School Graduation
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Lee, Dohoon
Age Trajectories of Poverty During Childhood and High School Graduation
Sociological Science 1 (September 2014): 344-365.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: Sociological Science
Keyword(s): Birthweight; Children, Poverty; Educational Attainment; High School Completion/Graduates; High School Diploma; Life Course; Maternal Employment; Modeling, Latent Class Analysis/Latent Transition Analysis; Racial Differences; Regions; Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) (see Self-Esteem); Rotter Scale (see Locus of Control)

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This article examines distinct trajectories of childhood exposure to poverty and provides estimates of their effect on high school graduation. The analysis incorporates three key insights from the life course and human capital formation literatures: (1) the temporal dimensions of exposure to poverty, that is, timing, duration, stability, and sequencing, are confounded with one another; (2) age-varying exposure to poverty not only affects, but also is affected by, other factors that vary with age; and (3) the effect of poverty trajectories is heterogeneous across racial and ethnic groups. Results from the Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth show that any extended exposures to poverty substantially lower children's odds of graduating from high school. Persistent, early, and middle-to-late childhood exposures to poverty reduce the odds of high school graduation by 77 percent, 55 percent, and 58 percent, respectively, compared to no childhood exposure to poverty. The findings thus suggest that the impact of poverty trajectories is insensitive to observed age-varying confounders. These impacts are more pronounced for white children than for black and Hispanic children.
Bibliography Citation
Lee, Dohoon. "Age Trajectories of Poverty During Childhood and High School Graduation." Sociological Science 1 (September 2014): 344-365.