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Source: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Conference
Resulting in 4 citations.
1. Bachrach, Christine A.
Carver, Karen P.
Outcomes of Early Childbearing: An Appraisal of Recent Evidence
Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Conference, May 1992
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Keyword(s): Adolescent Fertility; Child Health; Childbearing; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Overview, Child Assessment Data; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Siblings

This monograph summarizes the conference papers presented at Bethesda MD, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Conference.
Bibliography Citation
Bachrach, Christine A. and Karen P. Carver. Outcomes of Early Childbearing: An Appraisal of Recent Evidence. Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Conference, May 1992.
2. Hoffman, Saul D.
Foster, E. Michael
Furstenberg, Frank F. Jr.
Re-evaluating the Costs of Teenage Childbearing
Presented: Bethesda, MA, NICHD Conference, "Outcomes of Early Childbearing: An Appraisal of Recent Evidence", May 1992
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Keyword(s): Adolescent Fertility; Childbearing; Childbearing, Adolescent; Family Background; Family Size; Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID); Siblings; Well-Being

Teenage childbearing in the U.S. has long been regarded as an important social problem with substantial costs to mothers and their children. Recently, however, several researchers have argued that these apparent negative effect primarily reflect unmeasured family background rather than the true causal effect of a teen birth. To unravel the effect of teen motherhood from that of family background, we, following the methodology proposed by Geronimus and Korenman, compare teen mothers with their sisters, using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. We find that taking full account of family background reduces, but does not eliminate, the estimated consequences of early childbearing. Statistically significant and quantitatively important effects of teen parenthood remain for high school graduation, family size, and a set of measures of economic well-being.
Bibliography Citation
Hoffman, Saul D., E. Michael Foster and Frank F. Jr. Furstenberg. "Re-evaluating the Costs of Teenage Childbearing." Presented: Bethesda, MA, NICHD Conference, "Outcomes of Early Childbearing: An Appraisal of Recent Evidence", May 1992.
3. Kalmuss, Debra S.
Namerow, Pearila Brickner
Mediators of Educational Attainment Among Early Childbearers
Presented: Bethesda, MA, NICHD Conference, "Outcomes of Early Childbearing: An Appraisal of Recent Evidence", May 1992
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Keyword(s): Adolescent Fertility; Age at First Intercourse; Educational Milestones; Fertility; Schooling, Post-secondary

The purpose of the present study is to more fully examine the mediators of educational attainment among teenage mothers. We extend previous work by developing multivanate models of educational outcomes for these women. In addition, this analysis is based on the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, a national survey which contains a larger, and more representative sample of teenage mothers whose fertility experiences were more recent than the samples used in earlier studies of this topic. The theoretical model guiding our analysis assumes that teenage mothers' ultimate educational attainment is mediated by: early background characteristics, pre-birth educational characteristics, characteristics at first birth and post-birth experiences. In developing this model as well as choosing the variables in each mediating set, we were influenced by the status attainment literature, research on the effects of age at f'st birth on educational outcomes, Furstenberg's study, and of course, the data available from the NLSY. Below, we discuss our conceptualization of the outcome measure as well as each of the mediating variable sets presented in Figure 1. Educational Attainment
Bibliography Citation
Kalmuss, Debra S. and Pearila Brickner Namerow. "Mediators of Educational Attainment Among Early Childbearers." Presented: Bethesda, MA, NICHD Conference, "Outcomes of Early Childbearing: An Appraisal of Recent Evidence", May 1992.
4. Korenman, Sanders D.
Kaestner, Robert
Work/Family Mismatch and Family Health: Some Comments on the Economics Literature
Presented: Washington, DC, NICHD Conference on Work/Family Mismatch, June 2003.
Also: http://www.popcenter.umd.edu/events/nichd/papers/korenman.pdf
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
Publisher: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Keyword(s): Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Child Care; Child Health; Childbearing; Labor Supply; Maternal Employment; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Self-Perception Profile for Children (SPPC); Work History

Introduction
How does the economics literature treat the consequences of work/family mismatches? Economists, especially health and labor economists, have long studied the trade-offs that families face and the decisions they make about childbearing and market labor supply. Economists are, therefore, quite used to thinking about workfamily "mismatch", the theme of the conference, as work-family trade-offs.
Bibliography Citation
Korenman, Sanders D. and Robert Kaestner. "Work/Family Mismatch and Family Health: Some Comments on the Economics Literature." Presented: Washington, DC, NICHD Conference on Work/Family Mismatch, June 2003.