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Source: Journal of Women and Aging
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Caputo, Richard K.
Psychological, Attitudinal, and Socio-Demographic Correlates of Economic Well-Being of Mature Women
Journal of Women and Aging 9,4 (1997): 37-54
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: Haworth Press, Inc.
Keyword(s): Age and Ageing; Attitudes; Disadvantaged, Economically; Economic Well-Being; Economics of Gender; Locus of Control (see Rotter Scale); Marital Status; Psychological Effects; Retirement/Retirement Planning; Social Security; Unemployment; Women's Studies

The purpose of this study was to determine attitudinal, psychological, and socio-demographic correlates of economic wellbeing of mature women. Using multiple regression analysis on a sample (N = 1,506) of mature women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Labor Market Experience, this study found that education, race, marital history, attitude toward retirement, and unemployment were predictors of economic well-being for women aged 55-64, while education, Traditionally, and work effort were predictors for women aged 65-69. Neither home ownership residence, receipt of Social Security/other retirement pension benefits, internal-external locus of control, nor health limitations were associated with economic well-being. Bivariate findings indicated that older women were more likely than younger women to be economically disadvantaged and that compared to younger economically disadvantaged women, similarly situated older women were less economically disadvantaged Overall resultssuggested that older women rely on work to maintain and/or better their standard of living. Implications regarding the limited impact of Social Security and pensions on the economic well-being of women aged 55-69 are discussed. (Article copies available for a fee from The Haworth Document Delivery Service).
Bibliography Citation
Caputo, Richard K. "Psychological, Attitudinal, and Socio-Demographic Correlates of Economic Well-Being of Mature Women." Journal of Women and Aging 9,4 (1997): 37-54.
2. Jokinen-Gordon, Hanna
Still Penalized? Parity, Age at First Birth and Women's Income in Later Life
Journal of Women and Aging 24,3 (2012): 227-241.
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Keyword(s): Age at First Birth; Childbearing; Income; Life Course; Marriage; Motherhood; Women

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Despite policies aimed at decreasing old-age income inequality, such as Social Security and Supplemental Security Income, research consistently finds that later-life poverty is highly concentrated among women. While the early-life economic disadvantages of motherhood are well established, little work has examined whether these disadvantages persist into later life. Life course research consistently demonstrates the relationship between early-life choices and later-life inequality, but few studies have examined whether the reproductive phase of a woman's life is associated with her later-life income. Using data from the 2003 wave of the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women cohort, this research examines whether women's age at first birth and parity are associated with her later-life income within the context of marriage. From a set of multivariate analyses, I find that despite a marginal statistically significant effect, substantively for the women in this cohort the effects of childbearing are not particularly consequential for later-life income. The results suggest that as women age the economic penalties associated with motherhood are less important to financial well-being than are other factors.
Bibliography Citation
Jokinen-Gordon, Hanna. "Still Penalized? Parity, Age at First Birth and Women's Income in Later Life." Journal of Women and Aging 24,3 (2012): 227-241.