Search Results

Source: Journal of Social Service Research
Resulting in 7 citations.
1. Bae, Junghee
Mowbray, Orion
Millennial Generation's Job Search Activity and Job Quality: Findings from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth
Journal of Social Service Research 45,2 (2019): 269-277.
Also: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01488376.2018.1480553
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Keyword(s): Job Rewards; Job Search; Job Status

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Job quality of young adults in the USA has been eroding since the Great Recession of 2007. The intensity of job search activities are a well-established predictor of employment, yet little is known whether job search intensity is associated with the quality of subsequent secured employment. This study examined the 2013 sample of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) (N = 1566), which follows a sample of American youth born between 1980 and 1984 and contains reliable measures of job search activities and job quality. Multivariate regression models examined whether job search activities were associated with pay, paid vacation days, full time job status, regular work schedule, and availability of a union contract, controlling for demographic factors. The results demonstrated that the number of job search activities completed was positively associated with multiple positive employment-related outcomes. Programs to assist individuals in the job search process may benefit from these results when offering strategies for successfully securing employment of a higher quality that may offer increased quality of life.
Bibliography Citation
Bae, Junghee and Orion Mowbray. "Millennial Generation's Job Search Activity and Job Quality: Findings from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth." Journal of Social Service Research 45,2 (2019): 269-277.
2. Borker, Susan
Loughlin, Julia
Rudolph, Claire
Long-Term Effects of Adolescent Childrearing: A Retrospective Analysis
Journal of Social Service Research 2 (Summer 1979): 341-55
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: Haworth Press, Inc.
Keyword(s): Childbearing; Earnings; Educational Attainment; Fertility; Socioeconomic Status (SES); Teenagers

This study explores the effect of adolescent childrearing on the hourly wages of women in the labor force. Women who were adolescent mothers earn less than other married or previously married women due to an inability to achieve comparable educational levels. Adolescent mothers from more favorable socioeconomic backgrounds fare better than other adolescent mothers in terms of education and income; however, their losses are substantial compared to women from the same background who postponed childrearing. Finally, adolescent mothers are more likely to be or to have been heads of households, with the economic disadvantages of that status.
Bibliography Citation
Borker, Susan, Julia Loughlin and Claire Rudolph. "Long-Term Effects of Adolescent Childrearing: A Retrospective Analysis." Journal of Social Service Research 2 (Summer 1979): 341-55.
3. Cheng, Tyrone C.
Lo, Celia C.
An Analysis of Welfare Participation: Rational-Choice Perspective and Group-Threat Hypothesis
Journal of Social Service Research 40,2 (March 2014): 189-200.
Also: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01488376.2013.865580
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Keyword(s): Benefits, Fringe; Child Care; Child Support; Geocoded Data; Human Capital; Poverty; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF); Welfare

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This secondary data analysis examined the impacts of human capital, child care, fringe benefits, child support, ethnicity, county economy, and county minority-population size on participation in Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) by parents living at or below the federal poverty threshold. Longitudinal records of 1,789 such parents were extracted from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1996–2008). Multilevel mixed-effects linear regression showed that having personal/family problems, being African American, and residing in a county with widespread unemployment were associated positively with TANF receipt. TANF receipt was associated negatively with employment offering a retirement plan, full-time employment, part-time employment, and residence in a county with a large Hispanic population. Future research might explore the relationship between subpopulations’ sizes and states’ TANF policies.
Bibliography Citation
Cheng, Tyrone C. and Celia C. Lo. "An Analysis of Welfare Participation: Rational-Choice Perspective and Group-Threat Hypothesis." Journal of Social Service Research 40,2 (March 2014): 189-200.
4. Cheng, Tyrone C.
Lo, Celia C.
Weber, Joe
Racial Disparities in Welfare Dependence and Financial Independence: Links to Human Capital, Local Economy, and State Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Policies
Journal of Social Service Research 43,1 (2017): 69-84.
Also: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01488376.2016.1235070
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keyword(s): Economics, Regional; Ethnic Differences; Geocoded Data; Human Capital; Local Labor Market; Racial Differences; Racial Equality/Inequality; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF); Welfare

This secondary data analysis examined racial disparities in associations between welfare dependence/financial independence and human capital, local economy, and state TANF policies. A sample of 6,737 parents was extracted from the public-use data set titled "National Longitudinal Survey of Youth." Results showed that restrictive TANF policies reduced African Americans' likelihood of welfare use and increased likelihood of their financial independence. Multinomial logistic results also showed that, among Hispanics, employment growth in neighboring counties promoted welfare use; whereas among Caucasians such growth promoted financial independence. County poverty increased (a) Caucasians' likelihood of welfare use and (b) Hispanics' likelihood of being working poor; it decreased Caucasians' and African Americans' likelihood of financial independence. Across ethnic groups, education reduced likelihood of welfare use and working poor status; across minority groups, education increased likelihood of financial independence, but among Caucasians it decreased such likelihood. Across ethnic groups, occupational skills hindered dependence and improved odds of employment (regardless of welfare or poverty status). This study concluded the studied TANF policies and job markets were not color-blind. Interventions this study implies include less-restrictive TANF policies, generous support services, TANF staff cultural-competence training, and anti-discrimination rules. Research investigating particular TANF policies' and services' effects by ethnicity might prove useful.
Bibliography Citation
Cheng, Tyrone C., Celia C. Lo and Joe Weber. "Racial Disparities in Welfare Dependence and Financial Independence: Links to Human Capital, Local Economy, and State Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Policies." Journal of Social Service Research 43,1 (2017): 69-84.
5. Eamon, Mary Keegan
Poverty, Parenting, Peer, and Neighborhood Influences on Young Adolescent Antisocial Behavior
Journal of Social Service Research 28, 1 (2002): 1-23
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
Publisher: Haworth Press, Inc.
Keyword(s): Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Children, Poverty; Depression (see also CESD); Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Parenting Skills/Styles; Peers/Peer influence/Peer relations; Poverty; Punishment, Corporal

Data from a sample of young adolescents between the ages of 10 through 12 years of age (N = 898) from the mother-child data set of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were analyzed in a study of influences that explain the relation between poverty and depressive symptoms measured two years later. Other variables that predicted youth depressive symptoms also were identified. Results indicated that neighborhood problems, nonparticipation in outside school and neighborhood activities, residing with mothers who exhibited depressive symptoms, and mother's use of physical punishment were partial mediators of the effect of poverty on depressive symptoms two years later. Youth health status, lower levels of school satisfaction, marital-partner conflict, and father's emotional support also predicted depressive symptoms. The findings indicate that youth depressive symptoms are multiply determined and that poverty can adversely affect young adolescents in many ways.
Bibliography Citation
Eamon, Mary Keegan. "Poverty, Parenting, Peer, and Neighborhood Influences on Young Adolescent Antisocial Behavior." Journal of Social Service Research 28, 1 (2002): 1-23.
6. Lee, Kyunghee
Developmental Trajectories of Head Start Children's Reading and Home Environment Scores: Across Ethnicities
Journal of Social Service Research 36,4 (July 2010):321–345.
Also: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01488376.2010.494083#preview
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Keyword(s): Academic Development; Behavior; Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Childhood Education, Early; Children, Academic Development; Ethnic Differences; Ethnic Groups/Ethnicity; Head Start; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading)

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

To investigate the relationship of ethnicity in the development of children in Head Start, this study examined the associations between ethnicities and reading trajectories and whether trajectories of home environment could over time explain their differential associations. Participants (N = 696) were selected from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data. Results indicated some similarities and differences in the results obtained. Study findings suggest including an environmentally sensitive family component in Head Start and suggest an early enrollment policy targeting at-risk populations to maintain long-term Head Start impacts across ethnicities. Future research and follow-up studies should investigate other family components that positively affect long-term development among Black, Hispanic, and White children participating in the Head Start program.
Bibliography Citation
Lee, Kyunghee. "Developmental Trajectories of Head Start Children's Reading and Home Environment Scores: Across Ethnicities." Journal of Social Service Research 36,4 (July 2010):321–345. A.
7. Yegidis, Bonnie L.
Lee, Beom S.
Park, Nan Sook
Landers, Monica D.
Kennedy, Margaret M.
Job-Seeking Behavior in Young Adults: Do Unemployment Insurance Benefits Hurt Job Search Efforts?
Journal of Social Service Research 41,1 (2015): 133-140.
Also: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01488376.2014.964900#
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keyword(s): Job Search; Unemployment; Unemployment Insurance

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the association between extended unemployment insurance (UI) benefits and young adults' job-seeking behavior. In particular, the study evaluated if the extension of UI benefits to 99 weeks in 2008 had direct effects on job search efforts. Three waves (2007-2009) of data (N = 915) from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were analyzed using multiple regression models to assess the association of UI benefits to young adults' job search efforts. Additionally, the homogeneity of slope coefficients of the UI benefit on job search effort was evaluated across 3 years using an analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). The results of regression analyses suggest that UI benefits were negatively associated with job search efforts for 2007 and the pooled sample of 2007 to 2009, but the relationship was not significant for 2008 and 2009. The results of the ANCOVA suggest that the UI benefit extension of 2008 did not have any negative association with job search efforts. Future studies should explore the subjective experiences and decisions young adults make in consideration of unemployment, UI benefits, and job search efforts.
Bibliography Citation
Yegidis, Bonnie L., Beom S. Lee, Nan Sook Park, Monica D. Landers and Margaret M. Kennedy. "Job-Seeking Behavior in Young Adults: Do Unemployment Insurance Benefits Hurt Job Search Efforts?" Journal of Social Service Research 41,1 (2015): 133-140.