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Source: Gender, Work and Organization
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Ayres, Ian
Nalebuff, Barry
For the Love of the Game
Forbes Magazine, OutFront, March 12, 2007: .
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Keyword(s): Armed Forces Qualifications Test (AFQT); Test Scores/Test theory/IRT

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We'd like you to take a short aptitude test. From among the possible answers listed for each question in the table (below), circle the one that is the correct code number for that word. Taken at face value this has to be one of the dumbest tests ever devised. If you can read, then you can find the answers. It turns out that you've just taken part of the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery. These questions were originally designed to find people who would be well suited to clerical positions.

Now for the surprise. Harvard postdoc Carmit Segal has just completed a study that shows that a person's coding-test results predict how much money the person will earn 20 years later in life. A one-standard-deviation increase in coding speed translates into a 7% increase in future income.

So clerical skills predispose you for a chief executive slot? Not quite. As it turns out, the performance on this coding test was measuring something other than clerical skills, and it was that something that is an ingredient for success. That something is conscientiousness.

Bibliography Citation
Ayres, Ian and Barry Nalebuff. "For the Love of the Game." Forbes Magazine, OutFront, March 12, 2007: .
2. Caputo, Richard K.
Cianni, Mary
Correlates of Voluntary vs. Involuntary Part-Time Employment Among US Women
Gender, Work and Organization Special Issue 8,3 (July 2001): 311-325
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Women
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc. => Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Employment, Part-Time; Family Characteristics; Household Structure; Labor Economics; Private Sector; Public Sector; Women; Work Attachment; Work Attitudes

Examines the extent to which type and duration of labor force attachment add to the explanatory power of psychological, demographic, and family household characteristics to predict voluntary vs. involuntary part-time employment of women in the US. Voluntary part-time work is not meant to be construed as charitable, non-paid activities, but rather as part-time work with preference for full-time work, if a suitable job were available. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Labor Market Experience, labor market attachment characteristics added little to predict part-time employment status (involuntary vs. voluntary) and had virtually no effect on the odds of any other correlates on employment status. The major exception was years of unemployment. The longer working women were previously unemployed, the greater the likelihood they were involuntarily employed in part-time jobs. In addition, marriage and private sector employment decreased the likelihood of involuntary part-time employment. Findings suggest that involuntarily part-time employed women appear to be 'settling' for what they can get, namely, part-time jobs and that unmarried part-timers may be viewed as a stigmatized or marginal group more likely to be employed in the public rather than private sector. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved).
Bibliography Citation
Caputo, Richard K. and Mary Cianni. "Correlates of Voluntary vs. Involuntary Part-Time Employment Among US Women." Gender, Work and Organization Special Issue 8,3 (July 2001): 311-325.