Search Results

Author: Zuckerman, Barry
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Boynton-Jarrett, Renée
Hair, Elizabeth Catherine
Zuckerman, Barry
Turbulent Times: Effects of Turbulence and Violence Exposure in Adolescence on High School Completion, Health Risk Behavior, and Mental Health in Young Adulthood
Social Science and Medicine 95 (October 2013): 77-86.
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Family Structure; Health, Mental/Psychological; High School Completion/Graduates; Home Environment; Life Course; Mobility, Residential; Risk-Taking; Social Environment; Substance Use; Turbulence

Turbulent social environments are associated with health and developmental risk, yet mechanisms have been understudied. Guided by a life course framework and stress theory, this study examined the association between turbulent life transitions (including frequent residential mobility, school transitions, family structure disruptions, and homelessness) and exposure to violence during adolescence and high school completion, mental health, and health risk behaviors in young adulthood. Participants (n = 4834) from the U.S. National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997 cohort were followed prospectively from age 12–14 years for 10 years. We used structural equation models to investigate pathways between turbulence and cumulative exposure to violence (CEV), and high school completion, mental health, and health risk behaviors, while accounting for early life socio-demographics, family processes, and individual characteristics. Results indicated that turbulence index was associated with cumulative exposure to violence in adolescence. Both turbulence index and cumulative exposure to violence were positively associated with higher health risk behavior, poorer mental health, and inversely associated with high school completion. These findings highlight the importance of considering the cumulative impact of turbulent and adverse social environments when developing interventions to optimize health and developmental trajectory for adolescents transitioning into adulthood.
Bibliography Citation
Boynton-Jarrett, Renée, Elizabeth Catherine Hair and Barry Zuckerman. "Turbulent Times: Effects of Turbulence and Violence Exposure in Adolescence on High School Completion, Health Risk Behavior, and Mental Health in Young Adulthood." Social Science and Medicine 95 (October 2013): 77-86.
2. Lumeng, Julie C.
Gannon, Kate
Cabral, Howard J.
Frank, Deborah A.
Zuckerman, Barry
Association Between Clinically Meaningful Behavior Problems and Overweight in Children
Pediatrics 112,5 (November 2003): 1138-1146.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Keyword(s): Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Behavioral Problems; Body Mass Index (BMI); Child Health, Limiting Condition(s); Cigarette Use (see Smoking); Depression (see also CESD); Grade Retention/Repeat Grade; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Modeling, Logit; Mothers; Mothers, Education; Obesity; Poverty; Racial Differences; Television Viewing; Variables, Independent - Covariate; Weight

Objective. To determine whether there is a relationship between clinically meaningful behavior problems and concurrent and future overweight in 8- to 11-year-old children.

Methods. 1998 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth interview data for 8- to 11-year-old children and their mothers were analyzed. A Behavior Problems Index score >= the 90th percentile was considered clinically meaningful. Child overweight was defined as a body mass index (BMI) >= the 95th percentile for age and sex. Multiple logistic regression was used to control for potential confounders (selected a priori): child's sex, race, use of behavior-modifying medication, history of academic retention, and hours of television per day; maternal obesity, smoking status, marital status, education, and depressive symptoms; family poverty status; and Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment-Short Form (HOME-SF) cognitive stimulation score. In an attempt to elucidate temporal sequence, a second analysis was conducted with a subsample of normal-weight children who became overweight between 1996 and 1998 while controlling for BMI z score in 1996.

Results. The sample included 755 mother-child pairs. Of the potential confounding variables, race, maternal obesity, academic grade retention, maternal education, poverty status, and HOME-SF cognitive stimulation score acted as joint confounders, altering the relationship between behavior problems and overweight in the multiple logistic regression model. With these covariates in the final model, behavior problems were independently associated with concurrent child overweight (adjusted odds ratio: 2.95; 95% confidence interval: 1.34-6.49). The relationship was strengthened in the subsample of previously normal-weight children, with race, maternal obesity, HOME-SF cognitive stimulation score, and 1996 BMI z score acting as confounders (adjusted odds ratio: 5.23; 95% confidence interval: 1. 37-19.9).

Conclusions. Clinically meaningful behavior problems in 8- to 11-year-old children were independently associated with an increased risk of concurrent overweight and becoming overweight in previously normal-weight children. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Bibliography Citation
Lumeng, Julie C., Kate Gannon, Howard J. Cabral, Deborah A. Frank and Barry Zuckerman. "Association Between Clinically Meaningful Behavior Problems and Overweight in Children." Pediatrics 112,5 (November 2003): 1138-1146.