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Author: Shin, Taek-Jin
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Shin, Taek-Jin
The Impact of Structural Changes on the Job Mobility Rates in the United States
Presented: New York, NY, Research Committee 28 on Social Stratification and Mobility of the International Sociological Association Meeting, August 2003.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: SIDOS - Swiss Information and Data Archive Service for the Social Sciences
Keyword(s): Human Capital Theory; Labor Market Segmentation; Mobility, Job; Occupational Status

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper examines the job history of young American workers who spent their first 20 years in the turbulent labor market of the 1980s and 1990s. To study how structural changes can affect the job mobility of workers and generate different mobility outcomes, I use the structural account of job mobility to investigate its inherent inequalities. The human capital theory, the vacancy chain model and the segmented labor market theory are limited in the way they answer the question of how structural changes affect the different outcomes of job mobility rates. These theories are also unclear as to whether structural changes affect different groups of workers differently, thereby contributing to the growing inequality in the labor market. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, I present the following findings. First, structural changes in the organizational and national level play an important role in determining the job mobility outcomes of individual workers. Second, the mechanism of job mobility varies according to mobility outcomes. Finally, structural changes in the labor market affect workers of lower occupational status more strongly than workers of higher status. These results suggest that structural changes in the labor market and the economy did contribute to a growing inequality in the labor market, through changes in mobility regimes and opportunity structure.
Bibliography Citation
Shin, Taek-Jin. "The Impact of Structural Changes on the Job Mobility Rates in the United States." Presented: New York, NY, Research Committee 28 on Social Stratification and Mobility of the International Sociological Association Meeting, August 2003..
2. Shin, Taek-Jin
The Impact of Structural Dynamics on Job Mobility Rates in the United States
Social Science Research 36,4 (December 2007): 1301-1327.
Also: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0049089X0700018X
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Academic Press, Inc.
Keyword(s): Behavior; Event History; Human Capital; Labor Market Demographics; Mobility, Job

This paper examines the job mobility of young American workers in the turbulent labor market of the 1980s and 1990s. To study how structural dynamics affect job mobility, I test hypotheses on such major structural changes as industrial shifts and corporate merger movement. Event history analysis using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 suggests that structural changes played an important role in determining job mobility outcomes. Industrial expansion decreases the rates of employment exits and between-industry mobility, both upward and downward, net of demographic and human capital variables. Mergers decrease all kinds of job mobility rates, including employment exits and directional moves. This paper demonstrates that research in job mobility, industrial restructuring, and labor market inequality should be integrated in studying the connection between structural changes and individual behaviors. [Copyright 2007 Elsevier]

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Bibliography Citation
Shin, Taek-Jin. "The Impact of Structural Dynamics on Job Mobility Rates in the United States." Social Science Research 36,4 (December 2007): 1301-1327.