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Author: Shackett, Joyce Reynolds
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1. Shackett, Joyce Reynolds
Experience and Earnings of Young Women
Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University, 1982
Cohort(s): Young Men, Young Women
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Dual Economic Theory; Earnings; Educational Returns; Occupational Aspirations; Part-Time Work; Sex Roles; Transfers, Family

The data used for this study were derived from the NLS of Young Women and Young Men. The first topic was the issue of male-female wage differentials and the returns to education and experience for men and women. Second, the issue of special characteristics of the labor market experience of women was investigated, concentrating on the role and implications of part-time work for women, along with occupational stratification and labor market interruptions. The third matter investigated was the impact of sample selection bias on the earnings equations estimated for women. The final topic was the intergenerational transfer of human capital. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows. Contrary to popular belief, the returns to education are as strong for young women as for young men. There is still a substantial wage advantage for men, attributable to the continuous labor force experience of men. Men have almost twice as many years of experience than do women for a given age. Men observe a positive return to age while women observe a negative return that, at least in part, reflects the perceived depreciation of human capital during labor force interruptions. Women spend a substantial portion of their time in the labor force at part-time work. However, while working part-time has a low return compared to the return for full-time work, it at least avoids the depreciation of human capital or negative return associated with periods out of the labor force. Finally, there is evidence indicating that background works differently for men and women. Background has similar indirect effects in the prediction of schooling, but not for experience. Within the same family, male and female children receive different cultural and socialization patterning which is reflected in different wage earning potential for brothers and sisters.
Bibliography Citation
Shackett, Joyce Reynolds. Experience and Earnings of Young Women. Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University, 1982.