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Author: Schreiner, Dean
Resulting in 5 citations.
1. Knutson, Marlys
Schreiner, Dean
Analysis of Factors Influencing Women's Labor Force Participation Decisions
Research Report O-723, Agricultural Experiment Station, Oklahoma State University, 1975
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: Agricultural Experiment Station, Oklahoma State University
Keyword(s): Children; Commuting/Type, Time, Method; Employment; Family Background; Labor Force Participation; Rural Areas; Schooling; Wages; Women's Studies; Work Attitudes

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The general purpose of this study is to analyze the factors important in: (1) determining a woman's labor force participation decision; and (2) influencing the time a woman is willing to supply in the labor market. Results of the labor participation analysis include: (1) attainment of a higher educational level is an indication that she will more likely be a participant in the labor force than the woman who has failed to complete high school; (2) recent work experience is a more influential factor in the current labor force status of the woman than is work which occurred upon leaving school; (3) husband's income plays an extremely important role in determining the labor force status of the married woman; and (4) residence is insignificant after correcting for other variables. A household production consumption model is used to analyze the demand for consumption time and thus, the supply of working time. Conclusions reached from this analysis are: (1) decisions concerning the hours a woman is at home are made in a family context where production is one of the household activities; (2) within the range of the data, a backward-bending supply curve of time at work does not exist and the estimated elasticity of the supply of working hours with respect to wage (evaluated at the mean wage rate and the mean of hours worked) is .160; (3) the level of commuting time at which working hours are a maximum is 58 minutes, all other things constant; and (4) a higher wage rate is needed in the SMSA - nonfarm areas to entice a woman there to supply the same number of work hours as a woman in a non SMSA - nonfarm area.
Bibliography Citation
Knutson, Marlys and Dean Schreiner. "Analysis of Factors Influencing Women's Labor Force Participation Decisions." Research Report O-723, Agricultural Experiment Station, Oklahoma State University, 1975.
2. Knutson, Marlys
Schreiner, Dean
Factors Affecting Work Time Supplied by Women Ages 30 to 44 Years
Presented: College Station, TX, American Agricultural Economics Association Meeting, 1974
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: American Agricultural Economics Association. Now: Agricultural & Applied Economics Association (AAEA)
Keyword(s): Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA); Urban and Regional Planning; Wages

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The female work force increased 320 percent between 1940 and 1970, as evidenced in both urban and rural areas. This study analyzes the time a woman is willing to supply in the labor market and factors influencing that supply- -wage rate, residence, education, family income, and others. Results indicate that the wage in SMSA - nonfarm areas must exceed that in non SMSA nonfarm areas by $.85 for women to work an equal number of hours.
Bibliography Citation
Knutson, Marlys and Dean Schreiner. "Factors Affecting Work Time Supplied by Women Ages 30 to 44 Years." Presented: College Station, TX, American Agricultural Economics Association Meeting, 1974.
3. Knutson, Marlys
Schreiner, Dean
Income Returns for Working Women by Place of Residence
Oklahoma Current Farm Economics 48 (October 1975): 39-49
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: Oklahoma State University
Keyword(s): Earnings; Educational Attainment; Employment; Marital Status; Occupations; Residence

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This study is primarily concerned with the role of place of residence in determining income returns for working women in the 30-44 year age range. This age group is especially important because of the problem of reentry to the labor market after the children are grown or in school. The statistical analysis of the yearly income in l966 of the women surveyed who were at work in that year to explain the variance appearing in the unadjusted data by place of residence allows the following conclusions to be made: (1) the return to yearly income of an additional hour worked was $0.15 to $0.20; (2) white women received a slightly larger income than nonwhite women because of either lower wages or lower skill positions within an occupational or industrial grouping or both; (3) marital status can be judged to have only a slight influence on income after corrections are made for hours worked, occupation, industry, education, race, and residence; (4) the woman who invests in a higher educational level will, in general, receive better positions within any occupation or industry category and will be compensated accordingly; (5) occupational or industrial groupings contribute much to the large variations in annual income of the working women surveyed; and (6) the results of the income differential model imply that a woman living in an SMSA area earns more than the woman in a non-SMSA-nonfarm area, all other factors held constant.
Bibliography Citation
Knutson, Marlys and Dean Schreiner. "Income Returns for Working Women by Place of Residence." Oklahoma Current Farm Economics 48 (October 1975): 39-49.
4. Schreiner, Dean
Knutson, Marlys
Place of Residence as It Relates to Female Labor Force Participation, Work Time Supplied and Income Returns
Regional Science Perspective 5 (1975): 125-53
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: Kansas State University
Keyword(s): Children; Commuting/Type, Time, Method; Family Resources; Marital Status; Residence; Rural Women; Schooling; Work Attitudes; Work Experience

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This study is primarily concerned with the role of residence in determining female labor force participation rates, amount of work time supplied, and income returns. Women offer different amounts of work time under different conditions. Commuting time is a restraint as are wage rates. In addition, place of residence acts as a proxy for other conditions which affect the amount of work time supplied. Women living in SMSA areas offer the same amount of work time but only at higher wages than rural women.
Bibliography Citation
Schreiner, Dean and Marlys Knutson. "Place of Residence as It Relates to Female Labor Force Participation, Work Time Supplied and Income Returns." Regional Science Perspective 5 (1975): 125-53.
5. Schreiner, Dean
Knutson, Marlys
Women in the Labor Force: Place of Residence as It Relates to Labor Participation, Work Time Supplied and Income Returns
Presented: Champaign-Urbana, IL, Mid-Continent Section, Regional Science Association, April 1974
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: Regional Science Association International
Keyword(s): Family Income; Husbands, Influence; Marital Status; Residence; Rural Women; Schooling; Well-Being; Work Attitudes; Work Experience

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This study is concerned with the role place of residence plays in determining female labor force participation rates, amount of work time supplied by women, and rates of income return for work time supplied. Residence categories have been delineated as SMSA-nonfarm, SMSA-farm, non-SMSA-farm, and non-SMSA-nonfarm. The general concerns are: (1) whether women have the same opportunities to fulfill work desires in rural and nonmetropolitan areas as in metropolitan areas and under what conditions; and (2) to what extent do comparable amounts of work time supplied in any of the residence categories contribute to family income and general well-being. If rural or nonmetropolitan areas are at a disadvantage relative to metropolitan areas for any of these concerns, long-run adjustments may well be reflected in future decisions of where families locate.
Bibliography Citation
Schreiner, Dean and Marlys Knutson. "Women in the Labor Force: Place of Residence as It Relates to Labor Participation, Work Time Supplied and Income Returns." Presented: Champaign-Urbana, IL, Mid-Continent Section, Regional Science Association, April 1974.