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Author: Schnittker, Jason
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Massoglia, Michael
Pare, Paul-Philippe
Schnittker, Jason
Gagnon, Alain
The Relationship between Incarceration and Premature Adult Mortality: Gender Specific Evidence
Social Science Research 46 (July 2014): 142-154.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Gender Differences; Incarceration/Jail; Mortality

We examine the relationship between incarceration and premature mortality for men and women. Analyses using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79) reveal strong gender differences. Using two different analytic procedures the results show that women with a history of incarceration are more likely to die than women without such a history, even after controlling for health status and criminal behavior prior to incarceration, the availability of health insurance, and other socio-demographic factors. In contrast, there is no relationship between incarceration and mortality for men after accounting for these factors. The results point to the importance of examining gender differences in the collateral consequences of incarceration. The results also contribute to a rapidly emerging literature linking incarceration to various health hazards. Although men constitute the bulk of inmates, future research should not neglect the special circumstances of female former inmates and their rapidly growing numbers.
Bibliography Citation
Massoglia, Michael, Paul-Philippe Pare, Jason Schnittker and Alain Gagnon. "The Relationship between Incarceration and Premature Adult Mortality: Gender Specific Evidence." Social Science Research 46 (July 2014): 142-154.
2. Schnittker, Jason
John, Andrea
Enduring Stigma: The Long-Term Effects of Incarceration on Health
Journal of Health and Social Behavior 48,2 (June 2007): 115-130.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Health Factors; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Incarceration/Jail; Marital Instability; Racial Differences; Stress; Wage Growth

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Although incarceration rates have risen sharply since the 1970s, medical sociology has largely neglected the health effects of imprisonment. Incarceration might have powerful effects on health, especially if it instills stigma, and it could provide sociologists with another mechanism for understanding health disparities. This study identifies some of incarceration's direct and indirect effects and rigorously tests them using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. It finds that incarceration has powerful effects on health, but only after release. A history of incarceration strongly increases the likelihood of severe health limitations. Furthermore, any contact with prison is generally more important than the amount of contact, a finding consistent with a stigma-based interpretation. Although this relationship is partly attributable to diminished wage growth and marital instability, the bulk of the effect remains even under the most stringent of specifications, including controls for intelligence and the use of fixed effects, suggesting a far-reaching process with a proliferation of risk factors. The study also finds that incarceration contributes only modestly to racial disparities, that there are few synergistic interactions between incarceration and other features of inequality, including schooling, and that the evidence for a causal effect is much weaker among persistent recidivists and those serving exceptionally long sentences. These study findings are inconsistent with recent speculation; nevertheless, incarceration is an important addition to sociology's research agenda. Exploring incarceration could lead to, among other things, a fruitful synergy among studies on fundamental causes, stigma, and stress. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Bibliography Citation
Schnittker, Jason and Andrea John. "Enduring Stigma: The Long-Term Effects of Incarceration on Health." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 48,2 (June 2007): 115-130.