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Author: Rostad, Whitney L.
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Rostad, Whitney L.
Klevens, Joanne
Ports, Katie A.
Ford, Derek C.
Impact of the United States Federal Child Tax Credit on Childhood Injuries and Behavior Problems
Children and Youth Services Review 109 (February 2020): 104718.
Also: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0190740919308047
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Children, Well-Being; Geocoded Data; Injuries; Modeling, Fixed Effects; Poverty; Program Participation/Evaluation; State-Level Data/Policy; Taxes

Children who grow up in poverty are at risk for various poor outcomes. Socioeconomic policies can shape the conditions in which families are raising children and may be effective at reducing financial strain and helping families obtain economic sufficiency, thereby reducing risk for poor health outcomes. This study used data from two surveys conducted in the US, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79) and the NLSY79 Young Adult survey to determine whether the U.S. Federal Child Tax Credit (CTC), a socioeconomic policy that provides tax relief to low- and middle-income families to offset the costs of raising children, is associated with child well-being, as indicated by whether the child had injuries requiring medical attention and behavioral problems. Fixed-effects models, accounting for year and state of residence, detected a lower likelihood of injuries requiring medical attention (OR = 0.58, 95% CI [0.40, 0.86]) and significantly fewer behavior problems (b= -2.07, 95% CI [-4.06, -0.08]) among children with mothers eligible to receive a CTC, but only when it was partially refundable (i.e., mothers could receive a tax refund for a portion of the CTC that exceeds their tax liability) for families making as little as $3,000 a year. Tax credits like the CTC have the potential to alleviate financial strain among families, and consequently, may have impacts on injury and behavior problems.
Bibliography Citation
Rostad, Whitney L., Joanne Klevens, Katie A. Ports and Derek C. Ford. "Impact of the United States Federal Child Tax Credit on Childhood Injuries and Behavior Problems." Children and Youth Services Review 109 (February 2020): 104718.
2. Rostad, Whitney L.
Ports, Katie A.
Tang, Shichao
Mothers' Homeownership and Children's Economic Success 20 Years Later among a Sample of US Citizens
Children and Youth Services Review 99 (April 2019): 355-359.
Also: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0190740918309915
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Childhood Adversity/Trauma; Economic Well-Being; Family Constraints; Family Income; Home Ownership; Welfare

Familial economic hardship, an adverse childhood experience (ACE) that increases children's risk for exposure to additional ACEs, can derail optimal child development. A compelling area with potential for reducing economic hardship and promoting healthy child development is housing. In the US, the largest contributor to family wealth is homeownership, which may contribute to a family's ability to provide their children opportunities to do better than previous generations. The objective of the current study was to examine the influence of homeownership on children's economic outcomes in adulthood. This study used data from two surveys conducted in the US, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79) and the NLSY79 Young Adult survey, to examine the association between mothers' homeownership in 1994 and children's economic outcomes 20 years later. Adults whose mothers owned homes in 1994 were over 1.5 times more likely to own homes, attained higher education, and were moderately less likely to receive public assistance in 2014 compared to adults whose mothers did not own homes. This paper highlights the potential of homeownership to break the intergenerational continuity of poverty. Programs that help families purchase affordable housing hold promise in helping ensure children reach their full potential and improving economic outcomes in future generations.
Bibliography Citation
Rostad, Whitney L., Katie A. Ports and Shichao Tang. "Mothers' Homeownership and Children's Economic Success 20 Years Later among a Sample of US Citizens." Children and Youth Services Review 99 (April 2019): 355-359.