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Author: Palloni, Alberto
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Jackson, Heide
Palloni, Alberto
Projecting the Impact of Obesity on a Cohort of School-Aged Hispanic Children
Presented: New Orleans LA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2013
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult, NLSY97
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Child Health; Cognitive Ability; College Enrollment; Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-B, ECLS-K); Educational Attainment; Ethnic Groups; High School Completion/Graduates; Hispanic Youth; Obesity; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Weight

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Over the past 30 years, the prevalence of childhood obesity has tripled in the United States. Hispanics face a significantly greater risk of becoming obese; 24% of Hispanic children aged 6-11 are obese compared to 17% of the general population. Excess obesity among Hispanics could lead to two significant changes. First, given that obesity is associated with a number of chronic conditions and an increased risk of premature death, the higher prevalence of obesity among Hispanic youth may serve to undo the historic US Hispanic health and mortality advantage. Second, a disproportionate increase in obesity prevalence among Hispanics could compromise their ability to accumulate human capital. Using a number of rich, nationally representative data sources, this paper seeks to: measure trends in Hispanic obesity, ascertain the effects of obesity on human capital development, and determine how changing the projected obesity prevalence will affect human capital.
Bibliography Citation
Jackson, Heide and Alberto Palloni. "Projecting the Impact of Obesity on a Cohort of School-Aged Hispanic Children." Presented: New Orleans LA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2013.
2. Mare, Robert D.
Palloni, Alberto
Couple Models for Socioeconomic Effects on the Mortality of Older Persons
CDE Working Paper No. 88-7, Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1988.
Also: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/1988papers.htm
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Center for Demography and Ecology
Keyword(s): Age and Ageing; Husbands; Mortality; Pairs (also see Siblings); Variables, Independent - Covariate; Wives

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper develops and applies models for the multivariate analysis of survival processes when observations are naturally paired. These models include bivariate tobit models for observations drawn from censored bivariate normal distributions, bivariate hazard models, and models based on pair rank data. These models provide alternative ways of estimating the effects of the covariates of survival within pairs while controlling for unobserved factors that are shared by members of the pair. The models make varying distributational assumptions about the age pattern of survival and about unobserved pair-level determinants of survival. The models are applied to the assessment of socioeconomic effects on mortality on husbands and wives in the U.S. using the NLS of Older Men. Bivariate survival models provide a systematic way of assessing common, cross-spouse, and within- spouse effects of education, occupational status, and other sociodemographic predictors of mortality, as well as bereavement and widowhood effects. Most socioeconomic influences on mortality are through their effects on shared experiences of spouses rather than person-specific mechanisms. In the application presented here, the bivariate tobit, bivariate hazard, and pair rank models yield similar results.
Bibliography Citation
Mare, Robert D. and Alberto Palloni. "Couple Models for Socioeconomic Effects on the Mortality of Older Persons." CDE Working Paper No. 88-7, Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1988.
3. Palloni, Alberto
Ceballos, Miguel
Spittel, Mike
Using Couple Models to Investigate the Determinants of Adult Mortality
Presented: New York, NY, Population Association of America Meetings, March 1999
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Assets; Education; Modeling, Hazard/Event History/Survival/Duration; Mortality; Occupational Status; Pairs (also see Siblings); Variables, Independent - Covariate; Widows

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper develops and applies models for the multivariate analysis of survival processes when observations are naturally paired. These models include bivariate survival models, paired failure models, and multistate hazard models. These models offer alternative ways of estimating effects of covariates on survival within pairs while controlling for unobserved factors shared by members of the pair. We apply these models to the assessment of socioeconomic differentials of mortality of husbands and wives in the US using the latest release version of the National Longitudinal Survey of Men. The models enable us to estimate common, cross-spouse, and within-couple effects of education, occupational status, assets and other socioeconomic determinants as well as the impact of bereavement and widowing effects.
Bibliography Citation
Palloni, Alberto, Miguel Ceballos and Mike Spittel. "Using Couple Models to Investigate the Determinants of Adult Mortality." Presented: New York, NY, Population Association of America Meetings, March 1999.