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Author: O'Neill, Susan Elizabeth
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. O'Neill, Susan Elizabeth
Sher, Kenneth J.
Jackson, Kristina M.
Wood, Phillip K.
Dimensionality of Alcohol Dependence in Young Adulthood: Current versus Lifetime Symptomatology
Journal of Studies on Alcohol 64,4 (July 2003): 495-500.
Also: http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Dimensionality_of_Alcohol_Dependence_in_Young_Adulthood_Current_versus_Lif/1271.html
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers University
Keyword(s): Addiction; Alcohol Use; Modeling

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Objective: The factor structure of alcohol dependence was investigated using exploratory factor analysis, specifically contrasting models of alcohol dependence based on lifetime symptom endorsement to models based on current (i.e., past-year) symptom endorsement. Method: Data from the 1989 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were analyzed. DSM-IV alcohol dependence was assessed in this large community sample of current drinkers and lifetime drinkers, representative of both men and women, and ranging in age from 24 to 32. Sixteen items assessing the seven criteria of DSM-IV alcohol dependence were employed. Results: A single-factor model accounted for most of the observed relationships. However, evidence of additional dimensions, characterized by tolerance and impaired control symptoms, was also identified. Conclusions: Our findings do not support the historical tendency of distinguishing physiological (as indicated by tolerance or withdrawal symptoms) from nonphysiological dependence. Most importantly, factor solutions derived from items based on past-year symptom endorsement were consistent with those derived from items based on lifetime symptom endorsement in samples of both current drinkers and lifetime drinkers. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Bibliography Citation
O'Neill, Susan Elizabeth, Kenneth J. Sher, Kristina M. Jackson and Phillip K. Wood. "Dimensionality of Alcohol Dependence in Young Adulthood: Current versus Lifetime Symptomatology." Journal of Studies on Alcohol 64,4 (July 2003): 495-500.