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Author: Muntaner, Carles
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Fernandez, Cristina
Christ, Sharon L.
LeBlanc, William G.
Arheart, Kristopher L.
Dietz, Noella A.
McCollister, Kathryn E.
Fleming, Lora E.
Muennig, Peter
Muntaner, Carles
Lee, David J.
Childhood Trauma and Its Influence on Occupational Prestige in Young Adulthood
Presented: Boston MA, American Public Health Association Annual Meeting and Expo, November 2013
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: American Public Health Association
Keyword(s): Bullying/Victimization; Childhood; Occupational Prestige; Racial Differences; School Characteristics/Rating/Safety; Trauma/Death in family

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Introduction: Childhood trauma is associated with numerous long-term mental health consequences. However, there is a lack of research examining its effect on future occupational prestige, the shared belief about the “worthiness” of a profession.

Methods: Data were analyzed from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, a nationally representative prospective survey. Our sample is comprised of youth aged 12-16 at baseline in 1997 and interviewed annually through 2009 (ages 24-28; N=7,772). Cumulative self-reported childhood trauma was summed across five areas: 1) violent crime; 2) bullying; 3) gun violence; 4) perceived school safety; and 5) threatened violence. After each participant turned 18, his/her yearly 2002 Census job code was assigned a yearly occupational prestige score based on the 1989 General Social Survey rankings. Covariate-adjusted marginal linear regression models were used to estimate the effects of trauma and covariates on prestige for different race/ethnicity (white, Black, Hispanic) and gender subgroups.

Results: Results indicated that white females (mean=1.17±standard error =0.19; p<0.00) and white males (mean=0.35±0.18; p=0.04) lost the most prestige points in future occupations for every childhood traumatic occurrence. More traumatic occurrences resulted in a slower growth in occupational prestige over time for white females, with each additional victimization occurrence associated with an annual loss in prestige of 0.29 points (p<0.05).

Discussion: Results indicate that white males and females were the most severely affected groups with respect to their future occupation. Psychological and other social interventions specifically designed to mitigate the consequences of childhood trauma may positively impact future socioeconomic status.

Bibliography Citation
Fernandez, Cristina, Sharon L. Christ, William G. LeBlanc, Kristopher L. Arheart, Noella A. Dietz, Kathryn E. McCollister, Lora E. Fleming, Peter Muennig, Carles Muntaner and David J. Lee. "Childhood Trauma and Its Influence on Occupational Prestige in Young Adulthood." Presented: Boston MA, American Public Health Association Annual Meeting and Expo, November 2013.
2. Kerr, Jelani
Minh, Anita
Siddiqi, Arjumand
Muntaner, Carles
O'Campo, Patricia
A Cross-Country Comparison of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Marijuana Use among Youth Who Are Employed, in School or Out of the Labor Force and School (OLFS)
Journal of Youth Studies published online (9 October 2018): DOI: 10.1080/13676261.2018.1529862.
Also: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13676261.2018.1529862
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Canada, Canadian; Cigarette Use (see Smoking); Cross-national Analysis; Drug Use; Labor Force Participation; Unemployment, Youth

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Labor force and school attachment may influence alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use in the US and Canada. Differences in social welfare provision, which provide protections for individuals with insecure attachments to the labor force or education, may in turn impact the behavior and health of youth in these countries. Yet, there is little research to understand the health consequences for youth of being out of the labor force and school (OLFS). Data of 25-29 year old participants of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (year 2010) and the Canadian Community Health Survey (2009-2010) were used to examine differences in substance use by labor force and school attachment. Logistic regression suggests that OLFS in the US and Canada were less likely to report alcohol uptake and more likely to use tobacco compared to employed youth. Unemployment was differentially associated with substance use behaviors by country. Country of residence and subsequent exposure to social welfare policy does not appear to impact substance use behaviors among OLFS. However, associations of unemployment and gender by country indicates differences in substance use behavior. More research should seek to understand factors that influence alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among OLFS and unemployed youth.
Bibliography Citation
Kerr, Jelani, Anita Minh, Arjumand Siddiqi, Carles Muntaner and Patricia O'Campo. "A Cross-Country Comparison of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Marijuana Use among Youth Who Are Employed, in School or Out of the Labor Force and School (OLFS)." Journal of Youth Studies published online (9 October 2018): DOI: 10.1080/13676261.2018.1529862.