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Author: Mulia, Nina
Resulting in 6 citations.
1. Karriker-Jaffe, Katherine J.
Witbrodt, Jane
Mulia, Nina
Differential Consequences: Racial/Ethnic and Gender Differences in the Enduring Impact of Early Disadvantage on Heavy Drinking in Midlife
Prevention Science published online (10 July 2019): DOI: 10.1007/s11121-019-01033-1.
Also: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11121-019-01033-1
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Springer
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Childhood Adversity/Trauma; Ethnic Differences; Gender Differences; Poverty; Racial Differences; Socioeconomic Background

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We use a "chain of risks" model to identify risk factors for prolonged heavy drinking in a nationally representative US sample followed from adolescence to middle age, focusing on educational mediators and differential consequences of early exposure to family poverty and area-level disadvantage. Using data from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (civilian respondents ages 14-19 at baseline, N = 5781), longitudinal path models assessed racial/ethnic and gender differences in indirect effects of early disadvantage (duration of exposure to family poverty and area-level disadvantage during adolescence) on midlife heavy drinking. Educational mediators were high school academic performance (taking remedial coursework), high school completion, and attaining a college education. Subgroups were based on race/ethnicity (50.7% White, 30.5% Black, 18.8% Hispanic respondents) and gender (49.6% males). There was a significant indirect path from family poverty during adolescence to poor high school academic performance, lower educational attainment, and more heavy drinking in midlife. For Black respondents, there was an additional direct effect of early area-level disadvantage on greater midlife heavy drinking that was not seen for other groups. The effect of family poverty on reduced high school graduation was stronger for males than females. Enduring impacts of family poverty duration during adolescence on educational attainment have consequences for health risk behaviors in midlife. Due to differential exposure to early adversity, intersectoral interventions are needed to reduce disparities in alcohol outcomes and to promote health equity among high-risk populations.
Bibliography Citation
Karriker-Jaffe, Katherine J., Jane Witbrodt and Nina Mulia. "Differential Consequences: Racial/Ethnic and Gender Differences in the Enduring Impact of Early Disadvantage on Heavy Drinking in Midlife." Prevention Science published online (10 July 2019): DOI: 10.1007/s11121-019-01033-1.
2. Lown, E. Anne
Lui, Camillia K.
Karriker-Jaffe, Katherine J.
Mulia, Nina
Williams, Edwina
Ye, Yu
Li, Libo
Greenfield, Thomas K.
Kerr, William C.
Adverse Childhood Events and Risk of Diabetes Onset in the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Cohort
BMC Public Health 19 (December 2019): DOI: 10.1186/s12889-019-7337-5.
Also: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12889-019-7337-5
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Springer
Keyword(s): Childhood Adversity/Trauma; Health, Chronic Conditions; Obesity

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Background: Type 2 diabetes is a major public health problem with considerable personal and societal costs. Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) are associated with a number of serious and chronic health problems in adulthood, but these experiences have not been adequately studied in relation to diabetes in a US national sample. The association between ACE and poor health can be partially explained by greater risky health behaviors (RHB) such as smoking, heavy alcohol use, or obesity. Few studies have examined ACE in relation to adult onset Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) taking into account the role of RHB. Using longitudinal data from a representative US population sample followed over 30 years, this study examines the impact of ACE on the risk of diabetes onset.

Methods: Data from the 1982 to 2012 waves of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were analyzed, spanning ages 14 to 56. Bivariate and discrete-time survival models were used to assess the relationships between ACE and RHB including smoking, alcohol use, and obesity, and subsequent onset of diabetes.

Conclusion: ACE predicted diabetes onset among women, though this relationship was attenuated when controlling for BMI. Being overweight or obese was significantly more common among women with a history of ACE, which suggests BMI may be on the pathway from ACE to diabetes onset for women.

Bibliography Citation
Lown, E. Anne, Camillia K. Lui, Katherine J. Karriker-Jaffe, Nina Mulia, Edwina Williams, Yu Ye, Libo Li, Thomas K. Greenfield and William C. Kerr. "Adverse Childhood Events and Risk of Diabetes Onset in the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Cohort." BMC Public Health 19 (December 2019): DOI: 10.1186/s12889-019-7337-5.
3. Lui, Camillia K.
Mulia, Nina
A Life Course Approach to Understanding Racial/Ethnic Differences in Transitions Into and Out of Alcohol Problems
Alcohol and Alcoholism 53,4 (July 2018): 487-496.
Also: https://academic.oup.com/alcalc/article/53/4/487/4931258
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Life Course; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Short summary: Racial/ethnic groups had similar risks for earlier onset and recurrence/persistence of alcohol problems, but Blacks were at significantly greater risk than Whites for later onset in the 30s. Cumulative poverty and heavy drinking explained away this disparity, and were risk factors for recurring/persistent problems.

Methods: Using data from the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979-1994 waves (n = 6098), past-year alcohol problems were measured in 1989 (mean age = 28) and in 1994 (mean age = 33) among drinkers. Patterns of alcohol problems were categorized as no problems, earlier onset in 20s/offset in 30s, later onset in 30s, and recurrence or persistence (at both time points). Multinomial regression models adjusted for demographics, cumulative poverty, HD and timing of social role transitions (marital, parental).

Bibliography Citation
Lui, Camillia K. and Nina Mulia. "A Life Course Approach to Understanding Racial/Ethnic Differences in Transitions Into and Out of Alcohol Problems." Alcohol and Alcoholism 53,4 (July 2018): 487-496.
4. Mulia, Nina
Karriker-Jaffe, Katherine J.
Witbrodt, Jane
Bond, Jason
Williams, Edwina
Zemore, Sarah E.
Racial/Ethnic Differences in 30-year Trajectories of Heavy Drinking in a Nationally Representative U.S. Sample
Drug and Alcohol Dependence 170 (1 January 2017): 133-141.
Also: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376871616309826
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Ethnic Differences; Life Course; Racial Differences

Background: Racial/ethnic minorities bear a disproportionate burden of alcohol-related problems in the U.S. It is unknown whether this reflects harmful patterns of lifecourse heavy drinking. Prior research shows little support for the latter but has been limited to young samples. We examine racial/ethnic differences in heavy drinking trajectories from ages 21 to 51.

Methods: Data on heavy drinking (6+ drinks/occasion) are from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 9,468), collected between 1982 and 2012. Sex-stratified, generalized estimating equations (GEE) were used to model heavy drinking frequency trajectories as a function of age with a cubic curve, and interactions of race with age terms were tested to assess racial/ethnic differences. Models adjusted for time-varying socioeconomic status and marital and parenting status; predictors of trajectories were examined in race- and sex-specific models.

Results: White men and women had similarly steep declines in heavy drinking frequency throughout the 20s, contrasting with slower declines (and lower peaks) in Black and Hispanic men and women. During the 30s there was a Hispanic-White crossover in men's heavy drinking curves, and a Black-White female crossover among lifetime heavy drinkers; by age 51, racial/ethnic group trajectories converged in both sexes. Greater education was protective for all groups.

Bibliography Citation
Mulia, Nina, Katherine J. Karriker-Jaffe, Jane Witbrodt, Jason Bond, Edwina Williams and Sarah E. Zemore. "Racial/Ethnic Differences in 30-year Trajectories of Heavy Drinking in a Nationally Representative U.S. Sample." Drug and Alcohol Dependence 170 (1 January 2017): 133-141.
5. Williams, Edwina
Mulia, Nina
Karriker-Jaffe, Katherine J.
Lui, Camillia K.
Changing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Heavy Drinking Trajectories through Young Adulthood: A Comparative Cohort Study
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 42,1 (January 2018): 135-143.
Also: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/acer.13541/abstract
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY97
Publisher: Research Society on Alcoholism and the International Society for Biomedical Research on Alcoholism
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Ethnic Differences; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Methods: Data are from the 1979 (n=10,963) and 1997 (n=8,852) cohorts of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Generalized estimating equations were used to model trajectories of heavy drinking frequency from ages 17-31. Racial/ethnic differences were determined using sex-stratified models and three-way interactions of race/ethnicity with age, age-squared and cohort.

Results: Racial/ethnic differences in heavy drinking trajectories have changed over time in men and women. In the older NLSY cohort, Hispanic men and Black women surpassed White men's and women's heavy drinking frequency by age 31. This crossover was absent in the younger cohort, where trajectories of all racial-sex groups converged by age 31. Normative trajectories have changed in Hispanics and Whites of both sexes, with a delay in age of peak frequency, and greater levels of heavy drinking in the younger cohort of women.

Conclusion: Changes in heavy drinking trajectories over time suggest the need for targeted interventions during young adulthood. While disparities in young adult heavy drinking were no longer apparent in the more recent birth cohort, continued monitoring is important.

Bibliography Citation
Williams, Edwina, Nina Mulia, Katherine J. Karriker-Jaffe and Camillia K. Lui. "Changing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Heavy Drinking Trajectories through Young Adulthood: A Comparative Cohort Study." Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 42,1 (January 2018): 135-143.
6. Zemore, Sarah E.
Mulia, Nina
Williams, Edwina
Gilbert, Paul A.
Job Loss and Alcohol Dependence among Blacks and Whites in a National Longitudinal Survey
Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse 16,3 (2017): 314-327.
Also: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15332640.2016.1209144
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Job Tenure; Racial Differences; Unemployment

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We used the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to test whether the association between job loss and incidence of alcohol dependence differed across Blacks and Whites. Respondents were interviewed annually from 1979 to 1994; DSM-IV dependence was assessed in 1989 and 1994. Analyses included only those employed in 1989 and involved lagged logistic regressions predicting past-year dependence in 1994 from job loss during 1990-1993. Unexpectedly, results showed stronger and more robust associations between job loss and dependence among Whites (AOR = 1.93, p < .05) than among Blacks (AOR = 0.82, nonsignificant). Findings diverge from prior research, suggesting disparities may differ as a function of age and/or time.
Bibliography Citation
Zemore, Sarah E., Nina Mulia, Edwina Williams and Paul A. Gilbert. "Job Loss and Alcohol Dependence among Blacks and Whites in a National Longitudinal Survey." Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse 16,3 (2017): 314-327.