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Author: Marcum, Catherine D.
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Higgins, George E.
Bush, Michael D.
Marcum, Catherine D.
Ricketts, Melissa L.
Kirchner, EmmaLeigh E.
Ensnared into Crime: A Preliminary Test of Moffitt's Snares Hypothesis in a National Sample of African Americans
Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice 8,3 (July-September 2010): 181-200.
Also: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15377938.2010.502827
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Black Studies; Black Youth; Crime; Delinquency/Gang Activity

The purpose of the present study was to examine the relation between alcohol use and individual differences in the desistance process from criminal behavior during young adulthood. This study used Moffitt's (1993) �snares� hypothesis to posit that alcohol use would slow the desistance process of criminal behavior among African Americans. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of the Youth 1997, we conducted dual semiparametric group-based trajectory analysis of criminal behavior and alcohol use among African Americans from ages 16 through 22 (N = 283) using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of the Youth 1997. Results indicate that 3 trajectory groups provided the best representation for the patterns of crime over this period of life. In addition, 4 trajectory groups provided the best representation for the patterns of alcohol use. From our dual-trajectory analysis, we found that African Americans that were desisting slower from crime were using alcohol more often, thus supporting Moffitt's snares hypothesis. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Bibliography Citation
Higgins, George E., Michael D. Bush, Catherine D. Marcum, Melissa L. Ricketts and EmmaLeigh E. Kirchner. "Ensnared into Crime: A Preliminary Test of Moffitt's Snares Hypothesis in a National Sample of African Americans." Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice 8,3 (July-September 2010): 181-200.
2. Higgins, George E.
Jennings, Wesley G.
Marcum, Catherine D.
Ricketts, Melissa L.
Mahoney, Margaret
Developmental Trajectories of Nonsocial Reinforcement and Offending In Adolescence and Young Adulthood: An Exploratory Study of an Understudied Part of Social Learning Theory
Journal of Criminal Justice 39,1 (January-February 2011): 60-66.
Also: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047235210001947
Cohort(s): NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Adolescent Behavior; Behavior, Antisocial; Behavioral Differences; Crime; Delinquency/Gang Activity; Illegal Activities

Purpose: Within social learning theory, nonsocial reinforcement has been hypothesized to have a link with offending. The purpose of the present study was to address two questions: (1) Does nonsocial reinforcement change or remain stable over time? And (2) does nonsocial reinforcement have a reciprocal link with offending, as Wood et al. (1997) would expect? Methods: We used a subsample (N=413) of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) data and semi-parametric group-based modeling (SPGM). Results and Conclusions: The SPGM suggested three distinct groups of nonsocial reinforcement (one trajectory group appeared to have a low but stable rate of nonsocial reinforcement, one trajectory appeared to be higher but stable, another trajectory higher but also stable). A cross-tabulation of the nonsocial reinforcement trajectories and offending trajectories indicated that offending increased as nonsocial reinforcement became greater. Study limitations and implications are also discussed. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

"The SPGM suggested three distinct groups of nonsocial reinforcement (one trajectory group appeared to have a low but stable rate of nonsocial reinforcement, one trajectory appeared to be higher but stable, another trajectory higher but also stable). A cross-tabulation of the nonsocial reinforcement trajectories and offending trajectories indicated that offending increased as nonsocial reinforcement became greater,"

Bibliography Citation
Higgins, George E., Wesley G. Jennings, Catherine D. Marcum, Melissa L. Ricketts and Margaret Mahoney. "Developmental Trajectories of Nonsocial Reinforcement and Offending In Adolescence and Young Adulthood: An Exploratory Study of an Understudied Part of Social Learning Theory." Journal of Criminal Justice 39,1 (January-February 2011): 60-66.
3. Higgins, George E.
Khey, David N.
Dawson-Edwards, B. Cherie
Marcum, Catherine D.
Examining the Link Between Being a Victim of Bullying and Delinquency Trajectories Among an African American Sample
International Criminal Justice Review 22,2 (June 2012): 110-122.
Also: http://icj.sagepub.com/content/22/2/110.abstract
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Black Youth; Bullying/Victimization; Delinquency/Gang Activity; Drug Use; Parental Influences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The purpose of the present study is to provide an analysis of the link between being a victim of bullying and delinquency trajectories. Using a sample of African Americans (n = 725), the results show that three distinct trajectory groups of delinquency are present in the data (low desisting, desisting, and high changing). Further, the results indicate that being a victim of bullying is relevant in distinguishing between these three delinquency groups net other controls (i.e., being male, marijuana use, gang membership, and poor parental support). These results are discussed in theoretical contexts.
Bibliography Citation
Higgins, George E., David N. Khey, B. Cherie Dawson-Edwards and Catherine D. Marcum. "Examining the Link Between Being a Victim of Bullying and Delinquency Trajectories Among an African American Sample." International Criminal Justice Review 22,2 (June 2012): 110-122.