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Author: MacLean, Alair
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. MacLean, Alair
Skills Mismatch? Military Service, Combat Occupations, and Civilian Earnings
Sociological Perspectives 60,2 (April 2017): 229-250.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Pacific Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Earnings; Military Service; Occupations; Veterans

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Research has evaluated the impact of military service on socioeconomic outcomes, but little research has assessed the association between such outcomes and military occupations. The following article examines this relationship by analyzing the National Longitudinal Study of Youth 1979. It evaluates whether military occupations produce associations that are consistent with hypotheses based on theories of skills mismatch, selection, or turning points. Contrary to expectations, veterans of combat occupations did not have different earnings from those of other occupations, which suggests that any apparent effects of combat exposure reflect neither skills mismatch nor selection into these roles. Yet veterans earned less than nonveterans at the same years of combined military and civilian experience, regardless of occupation. These findings indicate that employers did not value time in the military as much as time in the civilian labor market.
Bibliography Citation
MacLean, Alair. "Skills Mismatch? Military Service, Combat Occupations, and Civilian Earnings." Sociological Perspectives 60,2 (April 2017): 229-250.
2. MacLean, Alair
Parsons, Nicholas L.
Unequal Risk: Combat Occupations in the Volunteer Military
Sociological Perspectives 53,3 (Fall 2010): 347-372.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: University of California Press
Keyword(s): Armed Forces Qualifications Test (AFQT); Family Background and Culture; Military Enlistment; Military Service; Occupations; Occupations, Male

This study evaluates the characteristics of the men who served in the volunteer military in combat occupations. It examines whether these characteristics stem from supply-side or demand-side decisions, or reflect class bias. The findings suggest that, on the supply side, men who had greater academic abilities were more likely to go to college, thereby avoiding military service and the possibility of serving in a combat occupation. On the demand side, the armed forces were more likely to exclude men with lower academic abilities but were more likely to assign such men in the military to combat occupations. Net of the impacts of these supply-side and demand-side decisions, men who served in combat occupations still differed from those who did not in terms of their family background. The impact of family background was stronger on entering the military than on being assigned to combat occupations once in the military.
Bibliography Citation
MacLean, Alair and Nicholas L. Parsons. "Unequal Risk: Combat Occupations in the Volunteer Military." Sociological Perspectives 53,3 (Fall 2010): 347-372.