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Author: Krapp, Peter
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Krapp, Peter
Age, IQ and Ability
Presented: New York, NY, American Sociological Association, August 1996
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Age and Ageing; Cognitive Development; Data Quality/Consistency; Demography; Ethnic Differences; Genetics; I.Q.; Intelligence; Racial Differences; Racial Studies; Social Influences; Socioeconomic Status (SES); Teenagers; Test Scores/Test theory/IRT; Tests and Testing

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The development of abilities, & of differences in cognitive abilities between racial & ethnic groups, has long been a contested topic both within sociology & between psychology & sociology. The recent publication of The Bell Curve (see IRPS No. 79/95c02104) has revived the social Darwinist interpretations of these differences according to which individual intelligence scores represent biologically inherited abilities. It also suggests that racial & ethnic differences in such scores represent genetic differences in cognitive ability. At the individual level of analysis, The Bell Curve found many social behaviors of interest to be more closely correlated with intelligence test scores of teenagers than with their socioeconomic status (SES). It compared measures of SES dominated by parents' education to 1980 measures of cognitive ability as predictors of 1980 behaviors. However, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth contains data on intelligence tests administered earlier. When test taking ability (intelligence) is measured by intelligence tests in high school, the differences between the effects of SES & test scores vanish. When earlier intelligence test scores are used, the effect of test scores vanishes altogether. (Copyright 1996, Sociological Abstracts, Inc., all rights reserved.)
Bibliography Citation
Krapp, Peter. "Age, IQ and Ability." Presented: New York, NY, American Sociological Association, August 1996.