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Author: Kost, Kathleen Ann
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Kost, Kathleen Ann
The Use of An Income Maintenance Program By Young Men: An Exploratory Study
Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1994
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Aid for Families with Dependent Children (AFDC); Fatherhood; Fathers; Financial Assistance; Income; Regions; Welfare

Concern over the effects of the public provision of financial assistance on the lives of citizens, and its consequences for society, has been a driving force in the policy arena for the last decade. Public debate has focused primarily on Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), a federally mandated and regulated welfare program. Missing from much of this debate has been the smaller General Assistance (GA) program, a state and/or locally financed income maintenance program for persons in need who do not qualify for economic assistance under federal programs. There are no federal mandates or regulations which require states to implement this program or that govern its administration. Little is known about the potential effect of GA on the lives of recipients and the impact its availability may have on work effort. This research examines the personal and structural characteristics of young able-bodied men who use GA, their duration of use and the characteristics that may be related to exit from it. These characteristics are compared to recipients who are considered unemployable by program administrators and to similarly situated able-bodied young men who also have access to a GA program but did not use it. Data are from the 1979 through 1984 panels of the National Longitudinal Survey of the Labor Market Experience of Youth (NLSY). Significant differences were found between unemployable and employable recipients; there were fewer substantive differences between able-bodied recipients and nonrecipients. Young men living in states in the East North Central region were found to be more likely to use GA, as were young men who had had two or more incidents in the criminal justice system. Little long-term GA use was found in these data: a majority of able-bodies recipients exit this welfare program within six months. The number of weeks worked previously increases the likelihood to exit from GA. Fathers were less likely to exit than recipients who did not have a child. Implications for policy and suggestion for future research are included.
Bibliography Citation
Kost, Kathleen Ann. The Use of An Income Maintenance Program By Young Men: An Exploratory Study. Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1994.