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Author: Jayaram, Amshula K.
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Jayaram, Amshula K.
The Impact of Juvenile Incarceration on Employment Prospects for Young Women
Master's Thesis, Georgetown University, 2012
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Employment; Incarceration/Jail; Labor Force Participation

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper assesses the impact that prior involvement in the Juvenile Justice system has on future employment prospects for young adult females. The literature on "collateral consequences" which refers to the total "costs" of incarceration and other types of punitive responses to an individual and to a society, has largely focused on young black males. This stands to reason, as they are disproportionately impacted at all levels of the justice system, from "stop-and-frisk" practices to death row. However attention is being increasingly being brought to the rising number of girls and women being arrested and detained. While women are largely incarcerated for non-violent drug or property offenses, girls appear to have a slightly different set of circumstances and are being arrested for running away from home or involvement in domestic disputes classified as "simple assault."

Unfortunately, while the number of females in the system rise, policy measures regarding reentry have largely stayed the same. As women exit the system and attempt to re-build, they will have to deal with the consequences of having a criminal record and face barriers to obtaining housing, public benefits and employment. This paper assesses the extent to which young women are penalized in the labor market specifically, both as a stand-alone impact and in comparison to their male peers, a topic which has received a great deal of attention for males but not nearly enough for females. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, a nationwide survey following two cohorts of youth from their teen years into adulthood, I construct logistic regression models to determine whether there is a negative relationship between prior involvement in the justice system and employment status, while controlling for age and race. I observe this relationship within each gender, as well as when males and females are jointly observed. My findings indicate that there is indeed a statistically significant negative relationship between the two, but that the impact for males and females is roughly the same. In other words, females with prior criminal history suffer in the labor market to the same extent as their male peers, but do not suffer additionally as a result of being female.

Bibliography Citation
Jayaram, Amshula K. The Impact of Juvenile Incarceration on Employment Prospects for Young Women. Master's Thesis, Georgetown University, 2012.