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Author: Hiller, Dana V.
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Hiller, Dana V.
Determinants of Household and Childcare Task Sharing
Presented: [S.L.], American Sociological Association Annual Meetings, 1980
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Earnings, Wives; Household Demand; Husbands; Sex Roles; Sociability/Socialization/Social Interaction; Variables, Independent - Covariate; Wives, Income; Wives, Work

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Competing hypotheses explaining husband/wife division of family work are reviewed. It is argued that these should be subsumed within two key explanations: relative power of spouses, and socialization. In addition, within the socialization explanation, social class phenomena should be distinguished from sex-role ideology. Data from the NLS Mature Women Cohort are used to compare the strength of these explanations in predicting degree of household help and child-care help received by 1,288 wives in 1974. Thirteen independent variables as indexes of relative power and socialization are analyzed. While zero order correlations and regression coefficients are not dramatic in any instance, relative power, as measured by wife's employment and wife's income, is shown to be the dominant explanation for degree of help received with household chores and child care. Minority women also receive more help than white women. Little support is indicated for socialization explanations.
Bibliography Citation
Hiller, Dana V. "Determinants of Household and Childcare Task Sharing." Presented: [S.L.], American Sociological Association Annual Meetings, 1980.
2. Philliber, William W.
Hiller, Dana V.
Relative Occupational Attainments of Spouses and Later Changes in Marriage and Wife's Work Experience
Journal of Marriage and Family 45,1 (February 1983): 161-170.
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: National Council on Family Relations
Keyword(s): Career Patterns; Divorce; Marital Disruption; Marriage; Mobility, Job; Occupational Status; Quits; Variables, Independent - Covariate; Wives, Work

Data from the NLS of Mature Women are used to analyze whether the relative attainments of spouse at one point in time are associated with divorce, leaving the labor force, moving to a lower status job and/or moving to a traditional job--one sex-typed female--at a later time. Independent variables included wife's occupational status, husband's occupational status, the interaction between the two (relative occupational status), and whether the wife is employed in a traditional or nontraditional job. The strongest finding is the importance of wife's employment in a nontraditional job (sex-typed male) as a predictor of change. Women in nontraditional jobs were more likely to become divorced, to leave the labor force, or to move to a lower status position than were women in traditional positions. In addition, many women in nontraditional jobs shifted to traditional jobs. The relative attainment of spouses further contributes to the probability of these changes, but the effects are not large.
Bibliography Citation
Philliber, William W. and Dana V. Hiller. "Relative Occupational Attainments of Spouses and Later Changes in Marriage and Wife's Work Experience." Journal of Marriage and Family 45,1 (February 1983): 161-170.