Search Results

Author: Hill, Cynthia Diane
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Hill, Cynthia Diane
Start-of-Job Training and the Gender Wage Gap
Ph.D. Dissertation, Washington State University. 1997
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Continuing Education; Education, Adult; Gender Differences; Training; Training, On-the-Job; Wage Gap; Wages, Men; Wages, Women

Using unique training data from the 1993 wave of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, we investigate differences by gender in start-of-job training receipt and in the labor market payoffs to training. Few differences by gender exist regarding start-of-job training incidence. On the other hand, males are seen to have substantially larger investments in training measured in hours, both in total and when training is broken down by type. Controlling for employer characteristics, we find that total training and supervisor training hours are positively associated with wages for men, but neither has a significant affect on wages for women. Conversely, we find that women receive significant returns to class and seminar training hours in certain specifications. Only slight differences exist between men and women in terms of training incidence with regard to wages. We find total training incidence is inversely related to wages, while participation in classes or seminars yield positive returns, for both men and women. The NLSY is restricted to individuals aged 28 to 36 in 1993. Consequently, our sample has a much smaller gender wage gap (women earn 84 percent of that of men) than is observed for nationally representative samples of full-time workers. Although start-of-job duration differences by gender are large for those individuals who report receiving training, fully two-thirds of our sample receive no training at all. Hence, our gender wage gap analysis shows that these training duration differences only account for 1 to 2 percent of the explained proportion of the gap.
Bibliography Citation
Hill, Cynthia Diane. Start-of-Job Training and the Gender Wage Gap. Ph.D. Dissertation, Washington State University. 1997.