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Author: Gordon, Hogan
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1. Gordon, Hogan
The Role of Part-time Jobs in the Labor Supply Choices of Young Women
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1987
Cohort(s): Young Women
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Children; Job Patterns; Labor Force Participation; Mobility, Occupational; Occupational Choice; Part-Time Work; Wages; Women

This dissertation examines young women's weekly hours choices with models in which part-time jobs may pay lower wages than full-time jobs for someone with equal qualifications, using data from the NLS of Young Women. In part one, data on a cross-section of married women from the 1973 survey are used to estimate the determinants of the choice between part-time work, full-time work and not working, and the full-time/part-time wage differential. All three models predict that the part-time wage available to the average married woman is much lower than the full-time wage. Blacks and Southerners have especially poor part-time opportunities. In part two, event history analysis is used to analyze the determinants of transitions between full-time jobs, part-time jobs, and spells of nonwork for a sample of women just entering the labor market, followed for up to two years. Controlling for observed characteristics, the rate of exit from part-time jobs is twice as high as the rate of exit from full-time jobs. The exit rate from full-time work to nonwork declines steadily with spell duration, while the exit rate from part-time work to nonwork falls and then rises. These results support the hypothesis that part-time jobs offer lower wages, and less wage growth. While part-time jobs more easily accommodate the care of young children, there is only modest evidence that full-time workers move to part-time jobs after a birth. Full-time workers leave their jobs at a much higher rate close to childbirth, but almost always exit to nonwork.
Bibliography Citation
Gordon, Hogan. The Role of Part-time Jobs in the Labor Supply Choices of Young Women. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1987.