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Author: Fleisher, Belton M.
Resulting in 14 citations.
1. Berger, Mark Charles
Fleisher, Belton M.
Husband's Health and the Wife's Labor Supply
Journal of Health Economics 3,1 (April 1984): 63-75.
Also: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0167629684900262
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Husbands; Labor Supply; Marital Status; Transfers, Financial; Transfers, Public; Wives, Income; Wives, Work

This paper examines the labor supply response of the wife to deterioration in the husband's health. Unlike past cross-sectional studies, responses over time are directly examined through the use of longitudinal data. The empirical results suggest that the magnitude and direction of the response depend crucially on the attractiveness of transfers which the family may qualify for when the husband's health deteriorates. When no transfers are available the wife increases her market work in order to replace the lost earnings of the husband. However, as transfers become more attractive, the wife begins to reduce her labor supply, enabling her to spend more time at home caring for her husband.
Bibliography Citation
Berger, Mark Charles and Belton M. Fleisher. "Husband's Health and the Wife's Labor Supply." Journal of Health Economics 3,1 (April 1984): 63-75.
2. Fleisher, Belton M.
A Multiple Equation Family Model
Report, Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1976
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: Center for Human Resource Research
Keyword(s): Children; Fertility; Simultaneity; Wives, Work

This paper presents a multiple equation model of labor market demand for mother's time, mother's supply of time to the market, family fertility, and child quality. Disaggregate data are used to obtain estimates of the relationship between the wife's market wage rate and her investment in human capital; the effect of market wage, family income, and fertility on years of post-school labor supply; the family's demand for number and quality of children; and the interaction between child quality demanded and the number of children. The econometric technique used is designed to avoid simultaneous equation bias, particularly in estimates of wage and fertility effects on labor supply and price and income parameters of the fertility demand equation.
Bibliography Citation
Fleisher, Belton M. "A Multiple Equation Family Model." Report, Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1976.
3. Fleisher, Belton M.
Mother's Home Time and the Production of Child Quality
Demography 14,2 (May 1977): 197-212.
Also: http://www.springerlink.com/content/f21v14272148p723/
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Men
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Children; Earnings; Educational Attainment; Family Background and Culture; Family Resources; I.Q.; Mothers; Time Use; Work Experience

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper deals with the effect of mother's time spent out of the labor force, and presumably in the home, on the "production" of child quality, where child quality is measured by intelligence (IQ), level of schooling attained, and market earning power. The results indicate that mother's home time is most effective in producing (male) child quality for mothers who have attained relatively high levels of schooling. The results suggest that education programs which devote equal school resources to all (male) children do not necessarily provide equal educational opportunity and that the influence of family background on economic success is indirect, operating through home investments in children.
Bibliography Citation
Fleisher, Belton M. "Mother's Home Time and the Production of Child Quality." Demography 14,2 (May 1977): 197-212.
4. Fleisher, Belton M.
Parsons, Donald O.
A Disaggregate Study of the Effect of Unemployment Rates on Labor Supply
Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1975
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Older Men
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Census of Population; Children; Heterogeneity; Marital Status; Research Methodology; Schooling; Unemployment; Unemployment Compensation

The project focuses on two loosely-related hypotheses regarding a contradiction existing in the results of previous research on the relationship between labor force participation and unemployment. This contradiction is the persistent tendency of the estimated effect of unemployment on labor force participation--and hence estimates of hidden unemployment--to be greater when cross section data based on SMSA aggregates are used than when economy- wide time series data are used. The hypotheses put forward to explain this contradiction are: (1) that the cross section estimates are biased as the result of labor force heterogeneity across SMSAs; and (2) that the problem of mutual determination of labor force participation and unemployment is a much more likely cause of spurious correlation between these two variables in the cross section than in the time series data.
Bibliography Citation
Fleisher, Belton M. and Donald O. Parsons. "A Disaggregate Study of the Effect of Unemployment Rates on Labor Supply." Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1975.
5. Fleisher, Belton M.
Parsons, Donald O.
Porter, Richard D.
Asset Adjustments and Labor Supply of Older Workers
In: Income Maintenance and Labor Supply-Econometric Studies. G. Cain, et. al., eds.Madison, WI: Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1973
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP), University of Wisconsin - Madison
Keyword(s): Assets; Behavior; Income Dynamics/Shocks; Labor Supply

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper focuses on the hypothesis that empirical research on labor supply, with reference to males in the age group where work is the normal mode of behavior, has suffered from the lack of an adequate formulation of the role of nonemployment sources of purchasing power in affecting labor-supply decisions. Recent extensions of the classical labor-supply model, that have proved fruitful in increasing understanding of the behavior of other groups in the work force, appear to be of little help in understanding the behavior of older primary workers--males between ages 45-59. This paper concentrates on the role of nonhuman assets and nonemployment income in the labor supply function of older workers. The authors present the derivation and empirical estimation of two variants of an asset-adjustment model of labor supply and develop a system of labor-supply equations in which hours of work for an individual are determined by wage rate and the difference between the actual and desired stock of nonhuman assets. The value of assets conditions work decisions principally relative to some desired asset level rather than through its level alone. A large number of the regressions yielded estimates of the labor-supply parameters that are quite plausible. In many of the regressions, the internal consistency is quite good. However, in the more complex model, in which the authors attempt to incorporate transitory wage effects as well, the results appear suspect. The major empirical problem uncovered in this study is the high sensitivity of labor supply estimates to different definitions of a given variable and to different sample compositions. This may be a characteristic of male workers in this age group, 45 to 59, because more traditional models suffer from the same problem. The results imply that dynamic aspects of asset adjustments cannot be ignored. Because the expected time path of supply responses depends critically on the asset value of the NIT program, one must conclude the inferences drawn from experimental short-term programs are likely to underestimate the impact on labor supply.
Bibliography Citation
Fleisher, Belton M., Donald O. Parsons and Richard D. Porter. "Asset Adjustments and Labor Supply of Older Workers" In: Income Maintenance and Labor Supply-Econometric Studies. G. Cain, et. al., eds.Madison, WI: Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1973
6. Fleisher, Belton M.
Parsons, Donald O.
Porter, Richard D.
Dynamic Analysis of the Labor Force Behavior of Men and Youth
Final Report, Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1972
Cohort(s): Older Men, Young Men
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Schooling; Unemployment Rate; Wages; Work Attitudes

A theoretical and empirical analysis is made of the labor force behavior of males aged 14-24 and 45-59. The economic forces (including wealth, wage rate, and unemployment rate) which influence the work and schooling decisions of males are examined, and the empirical importance of these and other factors is determined using data from the Older Men and Young Men.
Bibliography Citation
Fleisher, Belton M., Donald O. Parsons and Richard D. Porter. "Dynamic Analysis of the Labor Force Behavior of Men and Youth." Final Report, Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1972.
7. Fleisher, Belton M.
Porter, Richard D.
Assets, Non-employment Income, and Alternative Models of Labor Supply
Report, Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1971
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Center for Human Resource Research
Keyword(s): Assets; Income Dynamics/Shocks; Labor Supply

The report is based on a very limited portion of the NLS data collected in the first two surveys of the older group of men in mid-1966 and mid-1967. Previous reports-The Pre-Retirement Years, Volume I (1968) and Volume II (1969)--contain more comprehensive presentations of the findings of those surveys, based entirely on tabular analysis. Here the focus is narrower and the analysis is more intensive. Professors Fleisher and Porter describe their progress to date in an investigation of the factors influencing the amount of labor supplied by men 45-59. Their aim is to estimate parameters of the labor supply function for individual workers. Such estimates are of interest because of their relationship to important propositions of economic theory, and because labor market policy can be designed properly only if the structure of labor market relationships is well understood. In this report, Fleisher and Porter make full use of the longitudinal nature of the surveys, having developed an analytical framework especially well-suited to take advantage of the unique characteristics of these data. They develop several alternative models, evaluate their results, and show how they are of use in estimating the work disincentive effects of a "negative income tax".
Bibliography Citation
Fleisher, Belton M. and Richard D. Porter. "Assets, Non-employment Income, and Alternative Models of Labor Supply." Report, Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1971.
8. Fleisher, Belton M.
Porter, Richard D.
Labor Supply of Males 45-59: A Preliminary Report
Report, Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1970
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Center for Human Resource Research
Keyword(s): Behavior; Blue-Collar Jobs; Family Income; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Labor Force Participation; Marital Status; Urbanization/Urban Living; Wages; Wives, Work

This report, based on data collected during the 1966 and 1967 surveys of Older Men, describes the authors' progress in investigating the factors influencing the amount of labor supplied by men aged 45-59. In this preliminary report, the authors discuss the behavior of blue-collar workers living in metropolitan areas. Although the results so far are disappointing when evaluated against the criterion of estimating a general labor supply relationship, interesting results have emerged for a small subgroup of men. Briefly, the amount of labor supplied by unmarried black men shows a much stronger inverse relationship with wage rates and nonlabor sources of income and is much more sensitive to labor market conditions than that of any other subgroup of men studied. If these findings withstand further scrutiny, they may be useful in helping to decide the appropriate mix of policies to help alleviate poverty, particularly in urban areas. For example, the authors speculate that if undesirable disincentive effects of income-maintenance schemes are to be avoided, it may be "necessary to provide an environment within which increased attachment to the legitimate labor market is stimulated by training of workers and encouraging employers to provide more attractive working conditions."
Bibliography Citation
Fleisher, Belton M. and Richard D. Porter. "Labor Supply of Males 45-59: A Preliminary Report." Report, Columbus OH: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University, 1970.
9. Fleisher, Belton M.
Rhodes, George F.
Fertility, Women's Wage Rates, and Labor Supply
American Economic Review 69,1 (March 1979): 14-24.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1802493
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Men, Young Women
Publisher: American Economic Association
Keyword(s): Behavior; Children; Employment; Family Income; Fertility; Socioeconomic Status (SES); Wage Rates; Wages, Women

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Our empirical results encourage us to believe that a disaggregate multivariate approach is useful for the study of fertility and labor supply behavior. There is fairly persuasive evidence that the number of children demanded responds negatively to their cost and positively to family income, ceteris paribus. Our results suggest that declining family size will reduce the future discrepancy in male-female wage differentials. Increased labor force attachment may prove to be a more powerful force toward male-female wage equality than "equal opportunity" labor market legislation.
Bibliography Citation
Fleisher, Belton M. and George F. Rhodes. "Fertility, Women's Wage Rates, and Labor Supply." American Economic Review 69,1 (March 1979): 14-24.
10. Fleisher, Belton M.
Rhodes, George F.
Individual Labor Force Decisions and Unemployment in Local Labor Markets
Review of Economics and Statistics 61,4 (November 1979): 629-634.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1935801
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Keyword(s): Census of Population; Discouraged Workers; Gender Differences; Job Search; Labor Force Participation; Unemployment

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The net discouraged worker effect of unemployment on labor force participation for two important labor force groups is shown to be smaller than estimates based on published aggregate Census data indicate. Our explanation of the relative magnitudes of estimates derived from cross-section and time series data in terms of aggregation bias seems to fit the case of married women better than that of married men.
Bibliography Citation
Fleisher, Belton M. and George F. Rhodes. "Individual Labor Force Decisions and Unemployment in Local Labor Markets." Review of Economics and Statistics 61,4 (November 1979): 629-634.
11. Fleisher, Belton M.
Rhodes, George F.
Unemployment and Labor Force Participation of Married Men and Women: A Simultaneous Model
Review of Economics and Statistics 58,4 (November 1976): 398-406.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1935871
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Older Men
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Keyword(s): Husbands; Local Labor Market; Simultaneity; Unemployment; Wives

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The authors develop and estimate a simultaneous model of labor force participation and unemployment rates. The coefficients of the labor force participation rates in the structural unemployment equation are negative and statistically significant. There is also evidence that the unemployment component associated with demand is correlated with labor force participation. The results suggest implications for policies based on concepts such as "hidden unemployment" and "full employment G.N.P." At the local labor market level, the results indicate policies designed to raise labor force participation through stimulating aggregate demand will not have a substantial effect on local labor forces.
Bibliography Citation
Fleisher, Belton M. and George F. Rhodes. "Unemployment and Labor Force Participation of Married Men and Women: A Simultaneous Model." Review of Economics and Statistics 58,4 (November 1976): 398-406.
12. Parnes, Herbert S.
Fleisher, Belton M.
Miljus, Robert C.
Spitz, Ruth S.
Introduction
In: Years for Decision, Volume 1, Manpower Research Monograph 24. Washington DC: U.S. GPO, 1971
Cohort(s): Young Women
Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office
Keyword(s): Educational Attainment; Family Background and Culture; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Job Training; Mobility

The volume aims to explain the variation in school and labor market experiences and in the educational aspirations of young women. This introduction identifies these variables: unemployment, mobility, educational and occupational aspirations, labor force participation, formative influences, marital and familial characteristics, financial status, actual education and training, health and attitude, and explains how they were assessed by the study itself.
Bibliography Citation
Parnes, Herbert S., Belton M. Fleisher, Robert C. Miljus and Ruth S. Spitz. "Introduction" In: Years for Decision, Volume 1, Manpower Research Monograph 24. Washington DC: U.S. GPO, 1971
13. Parnes, Herbert S.
Fleisher, Belton M.
Miljus, Robert C.
Spitz, Ruth S.
Pre-Retirement Years, Volume 1: A Longitudinal Study of the Labor Market Experience of the Cohort of Men 45-59 Years of Age
Manpower Research Monograph 15, Volume 1. Washington DC: US GPO, 1968
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Behavior; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Household Income; Job Satisfaction; Job Tenure; Mobility, Job; Pensions; Retirement; Unemployment; Work Attitudes

As the prologue to an intensive study of the labor market experience and behavior over a five-year period of males who were age 45-59 in mid l966, this study examines their status at the time of the initial interview in mid l966, and seeks explanations for variations in current status on the basis of a large number of economic, social, and psychological variables. Specific areas discussed include the extent of their current participation in the labor market, susceptibility to unemployment, distribution in the labor market, the duration of service in current jobs, and rates of pay. In addition to describing the pattern of occupational and geographic change during their working lives to date, their attitudes toward working in general and their jobs in particular, and their reactions to certain types of job changes, including complete withdrawal from the labor market are explored. Variations in all these aspects of behavior and attitudes have been sought in terms of a large number of demographic, economic, and attitudinal characteristics, and numerous relationships that have been uncovered appear to have explanatory and predictive value.
Bibliography Citation
Parnes, Herbert S., Belton M. Fleisher, Robert C. Miljus and Ruth S. Spitz. Pre-Retirement Years, Volume 1: A Longitudinal Study of the Labor Market Experience of the Cohort of Men 45-59 Years of Age. Manpower Research Monograph 15, Volume 1. Washington DC: US GPO, 1968.
14. Parsons, Donald O.
Fleisher, Belton M.
Marvel, Howard P.
Economic Responses to Poor Health in Older Males: Final Report and Executive Summary
Final Report, National Center for Health Services Research, 1980
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: National Center for Health Services Research
Keyword(s): Assets; Family Resources; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Household Models; Marital Status; Occupations; Pensions; Simultaneity; Social Security

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The purpose of this research is to examine the impact of poor health of older males on a wide variety of labor market activities, particularly with the differential response of men to poor health as a function of their family situation. It is noted that unmarried men in poor health work substantially less than married men. Occupation also affects the response. The household model is developed at both the theoretical and empirical level. Particular attention is given to adjustment cost factors such as work hour adjustment costs and market entry costs for females and asset adjustment costs for different types of assets. The principal data base for the empirical analysis is the NLS of Older Men ages 45 to 59 in l966, the initial survey year. The empirical models are estimated using ordinary least squares and two and three stage least squares simultaneous techniques and, when appropriate, nonlinear methods.
Bibliography Citation
Parsons, Donald O., Belton M. Fleisher and Howard P. Marvel. "Economic Responses to Poor Health in Older Males: Final Report and Executive Summary." Final Report, National Center for Health Services Research, 1980.