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Author: Fernandes, April
Resulting in 4 citations.
1. Fernandes, April
How Far up the River? Assessing the Health Consequences of Criminal Justice Contact
Presented: New Orleans LA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2013
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Arrests; Criminal Justice System; Health Care; Health, Mental; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Incarceration/Jail

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The rapid and steady increase of incarceration has had substantial consequences on health outcomes due to exposure and transmission of disease. Research has shown that physical and mental health outcomes for imprisoned populations are affected by residence in a carceral institution. The exposure to individuals with communicable diseases facilitates the transmission of disease while the stress of incarceration and lack of adequate medical facilities assist in exacerbating existing conditions. Given that the jail population grew in line with prison incarceration during this period, the health effects of less severe forms of criminal justice contact should be investigated. Using the NLSY97, I will explore both the transmission and exacerbation of previous medical illnesses as a result of short jail stays, arrests and convictions. In addition, I will also ascertain the effect on mental health as a result of criminal justice contact, controlling for treatment availability inside and outside of the institution. [Also presented at Montreal, QC, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2017]
Bibliography Citation
Fernandes, April. "How Far up the River? Assessing the Health Consequences of Criminal Justice Contact." Presented: New Orleans LA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2013.
2. Fernandes, April
How Far Up the River? Criminal Justice Contact and Health Outcomes
Social Currents published online (24 August 2019): DOI: 10.1177/2329496519870216.
Also: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2329496519870216
Cohort(s):
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Arrests; Criminal Justice System; Health, Mental; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Incarceration/Jail

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Research has shown negative health outcomes from felony imprisonment. The conditions that create and exacerbate physical and mental health outcomes on the felony side--exposure to disease, lack of health care, and stress--are reflected in other less severe forms of criminal justice contact. Given that the low-level contact has grown along with prison incarceration, the health effects of less severe forms of criminal justice contact should be investigated. Using 10 waves from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 ([NLSY97), this project explores the impact on self-reported physical and mental health from the continuum of contact, namely, an arrest, conviction, and jail sentence. The results show that low-level forms of contact negatively affect both physical and mental health throughout the continuum of contact. The role of the type of conviction is investigated, providing a more nuanced understanding of how points of contact operate on essential outcomes such as physical and mental health.
Bibliography Citation
Fernandes, April. "How Far Up the River? Criminal Justice Contact and Health Outcomes." Social Currents published online (24 August 2019): DOI: 10.1177/2329496519870216.
3. Fernandes, April
In the Wind: Low-level Criminal Justice Contact & Housing Instability
Presented: Atlanta GA, American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, November 2018
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: American Society of Criminology
Keyword(s): Arrests; Criminal Justice System; Housing/Housing Characteristics/Types

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Empirical evidence has shown that the prison boom has an appreciable effect on the livelihoods of those incarcerated. Imprisonment, in conjunction with other economic factors, impacts the ability of the formerly incarcerated to procure and sustain housing. The impact on those with minor forms of criminal justice contact, in particular an arrest, conviction or jail stay, could parallel the experience of the formerly incarcerated. Similar to prison, an arrest or jail stay can incapacitate an individual, making it difficult to pay rent. Additionally, criminal record checks have become a mainstay of rental applications, barring individuals from renting on the basis of an arrest or misdemeanor drug conviction. Using ten waves of the NLSY97, I investigate the effect a misdemeanor arrest, charge, conviction or jail sentence on an individual's ability to maintain or procure housing after their release. Initial results show detrimental effects on housing situations, suggesting that even an arrest or jail stay could jeopardize stability.
Bibliography Citation
Fernandes, April. "In the Wind: Low-level Criminal Justice Contact & Housing Instability." Presented: Atlanta GA, American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, November 2018.
4. Fernandes, April
On the Job or in the Joint: Employment Outcomes and Criminal Justice Contact
Presented: Boston MA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, May 2014
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Arrests; Employment; Incarceration/Jail; Wages

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Existing research has shown that the rise of incarceration that occurred during the prison boom had a substantial effect on the ability of former inmates to retain and procure employment. Given that the jail population grew in line with prison incarceration during this period, the effects of less severe forms of criminal justice contact should be investigated. The conditions and circumstances that render long-term incarceration impactful are also present for arrests, convictions and jail stays. Contact of any form causes separation from society, which can hinder the attainment and maintenance of employment. Furthermore, the stigma from a criminal or arrest record can inhibit employment prospects due to the proliferation of background checks for potential employees. Using the NLSY97, this project explores employment outcomes as a result of arrests, convictions and jail stays. Preliminary results suggest that both employment and wages are negatively affected across all lower level forms of contact.
Bibliography Citation
Fernandes, April. "On the Job or in the Joint: Employment Outcomes and Criminal Justice Contact." Presented: Boston MA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, May 2014.