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Author: Davies, Scott
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Davies, Scott
Guppy, Neil
Fields of Study, College Selectivity, and Student Inequalities in Higher Education
Social Forces 75,4 (June 1997):1417-1438.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2580677
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press
Keyword(s): College Enrollment; College Major/Field of Study/Courses; Colleges; Gender Differences; Higher Education; Socioeconomic Status (SES)

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Analyses of national longitudinal survey data revealed that male college students were much more likely than females to enter fields of study with high economic returns; socioeconomic factors did not affect entry into lucrative fields net of other background factors, but did affect entry into selective colleges; and measured academic ability predicted all dependent variables. Contains 48 references. (Author/SV)
Bibliography Citation
Davies, Scott and Neil Guppy. "Fields of Study, College Selectivity, and Student Inequalities in Higher Education." Social Forces 75,4 (June 1997):1417-1438.
2. Davies, Scott
Tanner, Julian
The Long Arm of the Law: Effects of Labeling on Employment
Sociological Quarterly 44,3 (Summer 2003): 385-405.
Also: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1533-8525.2003.tb00538.x/abstract
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Behavioral Problems; Family Background; Gender Differences; Human Capital; Incarceration/Jail; Occupational Status; School Characteristics/Rating/Safety; School Suspension/Expulsion; Schooling; Social Environment; Socioeconomic Background

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This article offers a test of labeling theory by exploring whether contact with school and justice system authorities has long-term, negative, and independent effects on an individual's labor market success. We use the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79), a large and nationally representative sample, to examine whether experiences ranging from school suspension to incarceration during ages 15–23 can predict occupational status, income, and employment during ages 29–37. Unlike previous studies, we control for an exhaustive list of variables: social background, human capital, prior deviant behavior, family status, and local context. Our findings generally support labelling theory. Severe forms of labeling like sentencing and incaraceration have the strongest negative effects, though among females suspension or expulsion from school also has consistently negative effects. We conclude with a discussion of how labeling might reduce employment chances, with a focus on gender differences.
Bibliography Citation
Davies, Scott and Julian Tanner. "The Long Arm of the Law: Effects of Labeling on Employment." Sociological Quarterly 44,3 (Summer 2003): 385-405.
3. Tanner, Julian
Davies, Scott
O'Grady, Bill
Whatever Happened to Yesterday's Rebels? Longitudinal Effects of Youth Delinquency on Education and Employment
Social Problems 46,2 (May 1999): 250-274.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3097255
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: University of California Press
Keyword(s): Behavior, Violent; Crime; Delinquency/Gang Activity; Drug Use; Educational Attainment; Incarceration/Jail; Occupations; Teenagers

This paper examines whether and how teen delinquency is consequential for a variety of educational and employment outcomes. From the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth we measure five forms of delinquency from 1979 when respondents were 14-17 years old, and investigate whether they predict five different outcomes when those individuals were aged twenty-five to thirty. We measure delinquency as the prevalence of skipping school, drug use, violent behavior, engaging in property crime, and contact with the criminal justice system. Using a variety of regression models, we explore whether delinquency has negative zero-order effects, and negative partial effects net of standard status attainment variables. We find that all types of delinquency have consistently significant and negative impacts on educational attainment among both males and females, net of status attainment variables. Delinquency also has a fairly consistent impact on male occupational outcomes, but has weaker effects on female occupational outcomes. Overall, the data suggest that delinquency has autonomous and negative effects on later life chances. We discuss these findings in light of links between status attainment models and theories of crime and delinquency.
Bibliography Citation
Tanner, Julian, Scott Davies and Bill O'Grady. "Whatever Happened to Yesterday's Rebels? Longitudinal Effects of Youth Delinquency on Education and Employment." Social Problems 46,2 (May 1999): 250-274.