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Author: Cook, Michelle R.
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Cook, Michelle R.
Mental Illness, Self-Concept, and Interpersonal Relationships as Predictors of Recidivism: Exploring Correctional Adaptation
Ph.D. Dissertation, The Catholic University of America, 2014
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Catholic University of America Press
Keyword(s): Arrests; Criminal Justice System; Health, Mental; Relationship Conflict

This study analyzed the relationship between mental illness, self-concept, and interpersonal relationships to explain variance in recidivism. The primary hypothesis was that those with mental illness, an inadequate self-concept, and poor interpersonal relationships would be more likely to have higher levels of recidivism. The secondary hypothesis examined differences using these same variables on recidivism by type of offender. This study contributes to the knowledge of social work and criminal justice research by further establishing that there may be a correlation between individual psychological dynamics and recidivism. This research is a secondary analysis of data using the National Longitudinal Youth Survey beginning in 1997 (NLSY97), which consists of a sample of approximately 9,000 youths who were 12 to 16 years old as of December 31, 1996. The sample population for this analysis includes 2,883 participants. An individual had to have a least one arrest to be included in this study. Findings partially support both hypotheses and give merit for the need for further research in this area. The findings show a paradoxical relationship between mental health scores; this indicates that while the results may not have been as predicted, it reveals that mental illness is related to recidivism. The findings support the pivotal role that interpersonal relationships play in recidivism. This study revealed that one aspect of self-concept, negative perceptions of the future in 2000, was a predictor of recidivism. There was a difference among the different groups, as classified by according to their crime/arrest history, indicating that the impact of these variables was varied among the groups.
Bibliography Citation
Cook, Michelle R. Mental Illness, Self-Concept, and Interpersonal Relationships as Predictors of Recidivism: Exploring Correctional Adaptation. Ph.D. Dissertation, The Catholic University of America, 2014.