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Author: Conaway, Carrie L.
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Conaway, Carrie L.
Involuntary Unemployment and Occupational Sex Segregation
Presented: Washington, DC, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2000
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Benefits, Insurance; Gender; Gender Differences; Labor Market Outcomes; Labor Market Segmentation; Occupational Segregation; Occupations, Female; Unemployment; Unions

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Occupational sex segregation has been associated with a host of negative labor market outcomes for women. But unlike many other measures, the effects of gender differences in unemployment rates tend to favor women. Women tend to be somewhat less likely to be unemployed than men, and their unemployment spells are less cyclical. Furthermore, men are more likely to become involuntarily unemployed, particularly as part of a temporary layoff. This result is in opposition to many predictions from gender discrimination, queuing, and labor market segmentation theories. I theorize that this may occur because temporary unemployment is seen as a positive outcome, providing leisure and (in some cases) unemployment insurance benefits, and/or because men are trading off employment stability in order to avoid working in "female" occupations. I use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to examine the relationship between gender, occupational segregation, and unemployment. Across a series of event-history analyses, I find robust evidence that being male and working in a male-dominated occupation are statistically significantly associated with a higher likelihood of temporary, though not permanent, involuntary unemployment. Thus the gendered organization of work appears to have a significant effect on the probability of temporary involuntary unemployment.
Bibliography Citation
Conaway, Carrie L. "Involuntary Unemployment and Occupational Sex Segregation." Presented: Washington, DC, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2000.