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Author: Chudzinski, James
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1. Chudzinski, James
The Value of Veteran Status in the Labor Market
Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas Tech University, 1988. DAI-A 49/08, p. 2337, May 1988.
Cohort(s): Older Men, Young Men
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Duncan Index; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Labor Market Outcomes; Military Service; Racial Differences; Veterans; Wages

The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of military service on civilian labor market performance. Labor market success was measured by wage rates and occupational status. The data were obtained from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Mature Men and Young Men for the period 1966 through 1981. The mature men are representative of the World War II generation and the young men depict the Vietnam-era. Labor market outcomes were modeled using ordinary least squares estimation. The decomposition of regression results was used to identify sources of the differential between veterans and non-veterans. The results of the study are (1) veterans of both generations consistently outperform non-veterans, (2) the premium of the World War II veteran appears to be large and permanent, (3) the premium of the Vietnam-era veteran declines in size and significance over time, (4) minority veterans fare better than white veterans, (5) the principal source of the premium among World War II veterans is a superior endowment of characteristics, and (6) Vietnam-era veterans also gain from endowments, but to a smaller degree than the previous generation. Implications of the study are: (1) civilian employers apparently do not use military service as a screening device to sort prospective employees, (2) future military recruitment may be hampered by the perceived position of recent veterans, and (3) current assistance programs for veterans may be inefficient and inequitable as compared to previous programs.
Bibliography Citation
Chudzinski, James. The Value of Veteran Status in the Labor Market. Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas Tech University, 1988. DAI-A 49/08, p. 2337, May 1988..