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Author: Chrusciel, Margaret M.
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Chrusciel, Margaret M.
Alcohol Use, Employment, and Arrest: Making Sense of a Convoluted Relationship
Journal of Drug Issues published online (16 May 2020): DOI: 10.1177/0022042620919353.
Also: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0022042620919353
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Arrests; Crime; Employment

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The relationships between alcohol use, employment, and arrest are complex and nuanced. This study examines the possibility of interactions between drinking and employment to evaluate whether the effects of alcohol use and/or employment on offending are contingent upon the other. Data from the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97) are analyzed using multilevel logistic regressions to examine the possibility of interactions between alcohol use and employment in their impact on offending. Both drinking in general and binge drinking increase the odds of arrest. In contrast, employment reduces the likelihood of arrest. Results from analyses of potential interactions indicate alcohol use and employment interact in their effects on crime. Alcohol use and employment appear to interact such that the effect of alcohol use on arrest depends on how frequently a person works, and the protective effect of employment depends on how often a person consumes alcohol.
Bibliography Citation
Chrusciel, Margaret M. "Alcohol Use, Employment, and Arrest: Making Sense of a Convoluted Relationship." Journal of Drug Issues published online (16 May 2020): DOI: 10.1177/0022042620919353.
2. Chrusciel, Margaret M.
Untangling the Interconnected Relationships between Alcohol Use, Employment, and Offending
Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of South Carolina, 2017
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Crime; Employment; Substance Use

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Both substance use and employment are correlates of crime that are heavily examined by criminological research. Efforts to explore these connections have produced two rich bodies of literature that provide insight into the nuances of the relationship between substance use and offending and the relationship between employment and crime. Research shows that while substance use increases subsequent criminal behavior, employment seems to reduce offending. Given the strong positive association between substance use and crime and the inverse effect of employment on offending, it is possible that drug use and employment interact in their impact on crime. In addition to potential moderation, the relationship between drug use, employment, and crime may be explained by mediation mechanisms. Thus, the current study uses data from the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97) to examine the possibility of moderation and/or mediation between substance use and employment in their impact on offending. Note: Similar paper also presented at Philadelphia PA, American Society of Criminology (ASC) Annual Meeting, November 2017.
Bibliography Citation
Chrusciel, Margaret M. Untangling the Interconnected Relationships between Alcohol Use, Employment, and Offending. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of South Carolina, 2017.