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Author: Cheikh, Nabil El
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Gerhart, Barry
Cheikh, Nabil El
Earnings and Percentage Female: A Longitudinal Study
Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society 31,1 (January 1991): 62-78.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California, Berkeley
Keyword(s): Comparable Worth; Discrimination, Job; Discrimination, Sex; Earnings; Employment, Intermittent/Precarious; Gender Differences; Occupations, Female; Unions

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Comparable worth advocates assume that the relation between earnings and percentage female in an occupation is due to crowding or other forms of discrimination. An alternative explanation is that the relation stems from women freely choosing different occupations. Using longitudinal data to control for time-invariant omitted variables, as well as cross-sectional data (for comparison with previous research), we find that although men's estimated penalty is not reduced, the percentage female penalty falls substantially for women and is not statistically significant. These results imply that estimates of the percentage female effect based on cross-sectional data may be inflated for women–except for those with intermittent labor force participation. This group does experience a sizeable penalty for working in female-dominated occupations. Hence, a comparable worth policy would most likely benefit women with discontinuous employment.
Bibliography Citation
Gerhart, Barry and Nabil El Cheikh. "Earnings and Percentage Female: A Longitudinal Study." Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society 31,1 (January 1991): 62-78.