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Author: Callison, Kevin
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Kaestner, Robert
Callison, Kevin
Adolescent Cognitive and Noncognitive Correlates of Adult Health
Journal of Human Capital 5,1 (Spring 2011): 29-69.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/660082
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Keyword(s): Childhood; Cognitive Ability; Education; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Noncognitive Skills; Self-Esteem

We present an analysis of the associations between cognitive and noncognitive traits measured at the end of childhood and mental and physical health at age 41. Results suggest that adolescent cognitive ability and self-esteem have a significant association with health at age 41. Most noncognitive factors do not have significant associations with adult health, although in some analyses an internal locus of control was associated with better adult health. Net of adolescent influences, completed education has a significant association with adult health. Finally, differences in cognitive and noncognitive factors are not important explanations of gender or racial differences in health.
Bibliography Citation
Kaestner, Robert and Kevin Callison. "Adolescent Cognitive and Noncognitive Correlates of Adult Health." Journal of Human Capital 5,1 (Spring 2011): 29-69.
2. Kaestner, Robert
Lo Sasso, Anthony
Callison, Kevin
Yarnoff, Benjamin
Youth Employment and Substance Use
Social Science Research 42,1 (January 2013): 169-185.
Also: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0049089X12001585
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Earnings; Employment, In-School; High School Employment; Minimum Wage; Monitoring the Future (MTF); Substance Use; Unemployment; Work Hours

A significant portion of teens work while in school and the consequences of that work are of potential concern to society. While there is widespread support for combining work and school, and some evidence that employment has positive effects on youth development, previous research has revealed some potentially harmful consequences of employment among teens. In this paper, we investigate the relationship between teen employment and substance use. We extended this literature by studying two different cohorts of youth, and by exploiting arguably exogenous variation in youth employment and earnings caused by changes in minimum wages and the business cycle (unemployment). Estimates suggest that hours of work are positively associated with alcohol and cigarette use. However, if selection on unobserved variables were equal to selection on observed variables, these associations would be close to zero. With respect to the association between earnings and substance use, the evidence is less clear.
Bibliography Citation
Kaestner, Robert, Anthony Lo Sasso, Kevin Callison and Benjamin Yarnoff. "Youth Employment and Substance Use." Social Science Research 42,1 (January 2013): 169-185.