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Author: Anderson, Annika Yvette
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Anderson, Annika Yvette
The Impact of Socio-demographic Characteristics and Cognitive Transformation on Desistance from High Risk Behaviors
Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Sociology, Washington State University, 2015
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Behavior, Antisocial; Crime; Disconnected Youth; Ethnic Differences; Expectations/Intentions; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This study explores the conduits and barriers to identity transformation and successful desistance for a sample of high-risk adolescents transitioning into adulthood in the United States. I use multivariate analyses of data drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997-2011 (rounds 1-15), to answer several research questions: 1) Who among high-risk youth are most likely to undergo a cognitive transformation? 2) Who is most likely to desist? 3) What impact does cognitive transformation have on chances of desistance? 4) What are the similar/different factors relevant for race-ethnic groups in the cognitive transformation and desistance process? This study investigates the impact of both social bonds and an individual's cognitive change between 1997 and 2000 on criminality in 2000 and 2001. My findings show that Hispanic respondents who envisioned better futures for themselves had decreased chances of a future arrest compared to those whose future expectations did not change or worsened. I also found that there may be racial differences in the identity change and desistance process because black respondents were less likely than Hispanic respondents to envision positive future changes. This research adds a social psychological perspective to the desistance literature and is necessary in light of the high arrest/incarceration rates (especially among blacks) and the subsequent large population of formerly incarcerated people in the United States.
Bibliography Citation
Anderson, Annika Yvette. The Impact of Socio-demographic Characteristics and Cognitive Transformation on Desistance from High Risk Behaviors. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Sociology, Washington State University, 2015.
2. Anderson, Annika Yvette
Oselin, Sharon Suzanne
Gender, Cognitive Transformation and Desistance from Crime
Presented: New Orleans LA, American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, November 2016
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: American Society of Criminology
Keyword(s): Arrests; Crime; Gender Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Despite its widespread use, critics of social control theory point out that it primarily emphasizes institutions and social networks but ignores the role of agency in the desistance process (Giordano, Cernkovich, and Rudolph 2002). Another theoretical limitation centers on the oversampling of predominantly white male offenders, resulting in some ambiguity about the theory's generalizability to contemporary, female or minority offenders. Giordano and colleagues developed cognitive transformation theory in an effort to address these gaps. Building off this work, we use cognitive transformation theory to explore the relationship between gender, desistance and identity transformation for a sample of adolescents transitioning into adulthood in the United States in the 1990s. Using multivariate analyses of data drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, we investigate the impact of socio-demographic characteristics, hooks for change and cognitive transformation on self-reported criminal behavior and arrest. Our study shows support for both structure and agency in the desistance process. We find that enrollment in higher education and job stability significantly reduces the likelihood of arrest for men. Conversely, women who envisioned an increased chance of working in the future had decreased chances of arrest, compared to women whose future expectations remained the same or diminished.
Bibliography Citation
Anderson, Annika Yvette and Sharon Suzanne Oselin. "Gender, Cognitive Transformation and Desistance from Crime." Presented: New Orleans LA, American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, November 2016.